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The effects of segregation and spatial mismatch on unemployment: evidence from France

Listed author(s):
  • GOBILLON Laurent
  • SELOD Harris

    ()

In this paper, we investigate how residential segregation and bad physical access to jobs contribute to urban unemployment in the Paris region. We first survey the general mechanisms according to which residential segregation and spatial mismatch can have adverse labor-market outcomes. We then discuss the extent of the problem with the help of relevant descriptive statistics computed from the 1999 Census of the Population and from the 2000 General Transport Survey. Finally, we estimate the effect of indices of segregation computed at the neighborhood and municipality levels, as well as job accessibility indices on the labor-market transitions out of unemployment using the 1990-2002 Labor Force Survey. Our results show that neighborhood segregation is a key factor that prevents unemployed workers from finding a job. These results are robust to potential location endogeneity biases.

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File URL: http://www.inra.fr/Internet/Departements/ESR/UR/lea/documents/wp/wp0702.pdf
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Paper provided by Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA in its series Research Unit Working Papers with number 0702.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0702
Contact details of provider: Postal:
INRA-LEA, 48, Boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris, France

Phone: 331 43136364
Fax: 331 43136362
Web page: http://www.inra.fr/Internet/Departements/ESR/UR/lea/index.html

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