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What Determines Financial Development? Culture, Institutions or Trade

  • Nils Herger

    ()

  • Roland Hodler
  • Michael Lobsiger

This paper endeavours to explain the vast differences in the size of capital markets across countries, by drawing together theories emphasising cultural values, dysfunctional institutions, or impediments to trade as obstacles to financial development. To account for endogeneity, instrumental variables pertaining to culture, geography, and colonial history are employed. We find that trade openness and institutions constraining the political elite from expropriating financiers exhibit a strong positive effect on the size of capital markets. Conversely, cultural beliefs and the cost of enforcing financial contracts seem not to introduce significant obstacles for financial development.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10290-008-0160-1
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Article provided by Springer & Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy) in its journal Review of World Economics.

Volume (Year): 144 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (October)
Pages: 558-587

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Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:144:y:2008:i:3:p:558-587
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