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Drought and Population Mobility in Rural Ethiopia

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  • Gray, Clark
  • Mueller, Valerie

Abstract

Significant attention has focused on the possibility that climate change will displace large populations in the developing world, but few multivariate studies have investigated climate-induced migration. We use event history methods and a unique longitudinal dataset from the rural Ethiopian highlands to investigate the effects of drought on population mobility over a 10-year period. The results indicate that men’s labor migration increases with drought and that land-poor households are the most vulnerable. However, marriage-related moves by women also decrease with drought. These findings suggest a hybrid narrative of environmentally-induced migration that recognizes multiple dimensions of adaptation to environmental change.

Suggested Citation

  • Gray, Clark & Mueller, Valerie, 2012. "Drought and Population Mobility in Rural Ethiopia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 134-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:1:p:134-145
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.05.023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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