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Immigrants, domestic labor and women's retirement decisions

Author

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  • Peri, Giovanni
  • Romiti, Agnese
  • Rossi, Mariacristina

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of immigrants on the women–men gap in retirement and working decisions. We focus on the effect that operates through immigrants' supply of domestic labor, which substitutes women's household services especially in the care of elderly parents. We use a dataset of Italian households that contains information on planned retirement age, labor supply and family structure for a representative sample in the years 2000–2008. A double-difference identification approach exploits the women–men differences between families with and without old parents, interacted with the supply of immigrants in the local labor market. We find that an increase of immigrants by one percentage point of the local population is associated with an increase in the planned retirement age gap between women and men with a living parent over 80, by 0.45. Such differential is reduced to 0.17 if the household had no living old parent. The effect is stronger for poor and for less educated women. It is also stronger when considering the inflow of Eastern European female immigrants only, the group supplying the largest share of labor for domestic care.

Suggested Citation

  • Peri, Giovanni & Romiti, Agnese & Rossi, Mariacristina, 2015. "Immigrants, domestic labor and women's retirement decisions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 18-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:36:y:2015:i:c:p:18-34
    DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2015.07.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Serena Trucchi & Elsa Fornero & Mariacristina Rossi, 2018. "Retirement rigidities and the gap between effective and desired labour supply by older workers," Working Papers 2018:05, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    2. Romiti, Agnese, 2016. "The effects of immigration on household services, labour supply and fertility," IAB Discussion Paper 201640, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International migration; Retirement; Labor supply; Home production; Elderly care;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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