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Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Editor

Listed:
  • Boeri, Tito
    (Professor of Economics, Bocconi University, Milan)

  • Burda, Michael
    (Professor of Economics, Humboldt University Berlin)

  • Kramarz, Francis
    (Head of the Research Department at CREST-INSEE and Associate Professor at Ecole Polytechnique)

Abstract

In the last 50 years the gap in labour productivity between Europe and the US has narrowed considerably with estimates in 2005 suggesting a EU-US labour productivity gap of about 5 per cent. Yet, average per capita income in the EU is still about 30% lower than in the US. This persistent gap in income per capita can be almost entirely explained by Europeans working less than Americans. Why do Europeans work so little compared to Americans? What do they do with their spare time outside work? Can they be induced to work more without reducing labour productivity? If so, how? And what is the effect on well-being if policies are created to reward paid work as opposed to other potentially socially valuable activities, like childbearing? More broadly, should the state interfere at all when it comes to bargaining over working hours? This volume explores these questions and many more in an attempt to understand the changing nature of the hours worked in the USA and EU, as well as the effects of policies that impose working hour reductions. Contributors to this volume - Tito Boeri, Bocconi University Michael Burda, Humboldt University Berlin Pierre Cahuc, Paris 1-Pantheon Sorbonne Bruno Crepon, CREST-INSEE Francis Kramarz, CREST-INSEE Daniel S. Hamermesh, University of Texas-Austin Thorsten Schank, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Oskar Nordstrom Skans, Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation Gijsbert van Lomwel, CentERdata Philippe Weil, Universite Libre de Bruxelles Andre Zylberberg, CNRS

Suggested Citation

  • Boeri, Tito & Burda, Michael & Kramarz, Francis (ed.), 2008. "Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199231027.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxp:obooks:9780199231027
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ana Rute Cardoso & Daniel S. Hamermesh & José Varejao, 2012. "The Timing of Labor Demand," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 105-106, pages 15-34.
    2. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Elena Stancanelli, 2015. "Long Workweeks and Strange Hours," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 68(5), pages 1007-1018, October.
    3. Almudena Sevilla-Sanz & Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal & Cristina Fernandez, 2010. "Gender Roles and the Division of Unpaid Work in Spanish Households," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 137-184.
    4. Michael C. Burda & Jennifer Hunt, 2011. "What Explains the German Labor Market Miracle in the Great Recession," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 42(1 (Spring), pages 273-335.
    5. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:9:p:1708-1717 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jeremy Lise & Ken Yamada, 2014. "Household Sharing and Commitment: Evidence from Panel Data on Individual Expenditures and Time Use," IFS Working Papers W14/05, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    7. Matthieu Chemin & Etienne Wasmer, 2009. "Using Alsace-Moselle Local Laws to Build a Difference-in-Differences Estimation Strategy of the Employment Effects of the 35-Hour Workweek Regulation in France," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(4), pages 487-524, October.
    8. Collewet, Marion & Sauermann, Jan, 2017. "Working hours and productivity," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 96-106.
    9. repec:wfo:wstudy:47013 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Yoram Weiss, 2009. "Work and Leisure: A History of Ideas," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(1), pages 1-20, January.
    11. Bridgman, Benjamin & Duernecker, Georg & Herrendorf, Berthold, 2018. "Structural transformation, marketization, and household production around the world," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 102-126.
    12. Campaña, Juan Carlos & Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto, 2015. "Gender differences in the distribution of total work-time of Latin- American families: the importance of social norms," MPRA Paper 62759, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Michael C. Burda & Mark Weder, 2016. "Payroll Taxes, Social Insurance, And Business Cycles," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 438-467, April.
    14. KAWAGUCHI Daiji & NAITO Hisahiro & YOKOYAMA Izumi, 2008. "Labor Market Responses to Legal Work Hour Reduction: Evidence from Japan," ESRI Discussion paper series 202, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    15. Huo, Jingjing, 2015. "How Nations Innovate: The Political Economy of Technological Innovation in Affluent Capitalist Economies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198735847.
    16. Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal & Almudena Sevilla, 2014. "Total work time in Spain: evidence from time diary data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(16), pages 1894-1909, June.

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