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Gender Differentials in Unemployment Ins and Outs during the Great Recession in Spain

Author

Listed:
  • de la Rica, Sara

    () (University of the Basque Country)

  • Rebollo-Sanz, Yolanda Fatima

    () (Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

Abstract

The Great Recession has had a disproportionately negative effect on working men compared to working women in many OECD countries and led to gender convergence in aggregate unemployment rates. In this paper we seek the sources of this recent convergence by using Social Security records on individuals to study the determinants of unemployment ins and outs over the course of a whole business cycle, i.e. 2000-2013. We focus on Spain – a country hit hard by unemployment increases in downturns. Our results indicate that unemployment outs are crucial in understanding changes in unemployment rates in Spain. Furthermore, the huge drop in unemployment outs in the recession, particularly for men, has led to unprecedented levels of long-term unemployment, which has come to account for 64% of total unemployment. Negative state dependence emerges as a key barrier to job access for the long-term unemployed and hence the rate of unemployment is expected to remain high for many years, even if there is a strong recovery.

Suggested Citation

  • de la Rica, Sara & Rebollo-Sanz, Yolanda Fatima, 2015. "Gender Differentials in Unemployment Ins and Outs during the Great Recession in Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 9135, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9135
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ronald Bachmann & Peggy Bechara & Anica Kramer & Sylvi Rzepka, 2015. "Labour market dynamics and worker heterogeneity during the Great Recession – Evidence from Europe," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-29, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kenneth A. Couch & Robert W. Fairlie & Huanan Xu, 2016. "Racial Differences in Labor Market Transitions and the Great Recession," CESifo Working Paper Series 5772, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. repec:wly:hlthec:v:25:y:2016:i::p:141-158 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:spr:jlabre:v:38:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s12122-017-9244-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Max Coveney & Pilar García‐Gómez & Eddy Van Doorslaer & Tom Van Ourti, 2016. "Health Disparities by Income in Spain Before and After the Economic Crisis," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25, pages 141-158, November.
    5. Sara de la Rica & Lucía Gorjón, 2016. "The impact of family-friendly policies in Spain and their use throughout the business cycle," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-26, December.
    6. repec:bla:labour:v:31:y:2017:i:4:p:337-368 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. NAGORE GARCIA Amparo & VAN SOEST Arthur, 2016. "Unemployment Exits Before and During the Crisis," LISER Working Paper Series 2016-14, LISER.
    8. NAGORE GARCIA Amparo, 2017. "Gender Differences in Unemployment Dynamics and Initial Wages over the Business Cycle," LISER Working Paper Series 2017-06, LISER.
    9. repec:eme:ijmpps:ijm-04-2016-0082 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:taf:irapec:v:31:y:2017:i:2:p:173-190 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Yolanda F. Rebollo-Sanz, 2017. "Decomposing the structure of wages into firm and worker effects: Some insights from a high unemployment economy," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(5), pages 765-787, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    state dependence; hazard rates; unemployment gross flows; gender differentials;

    JEL classification:

    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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