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Gender Differentials in Unemployment Ins and Outs during the Great Recession in Spain

Author

Listed:
  • Sara de la Rica

    () (Universidad del Pais Vasco)

  • Yolanda F. Rebollo Sanz

    () (Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

Abstract

The Great Recession has led to gender convergence in aggregate unemployment rates. In this paper we seek the sources of this recent convergence. We use Social Security records to study the determinants of unemployment ins and outs for men and women over the course of a whole business cycle, i.e. 2000-2013. We focus on Spain – a country hit hard by unemployment increases in downturns. We find an enormous decrease in job access rates during the recent downturn which reaches 15 pp. for men and 8 pp. for women. Lack of demand and negative state dependence emerge as key sources, affecting men more negatively than women. In a scenario of upcoming recovery, our simulations show that unemployment outs will increase particularly for short-term male unemployed, which suggests that gender convergence in unemployment rates will not persist for short-term unemployed workers. However, both male and female long-term unemployed - 64% of total unemployed workers, will face enormous difficulties to access a job even in an expansionary context.

Suggested Citation

  • Sara de la Rica & Yolanda F. Rebollo Sanz, 2016. "Gender Differentials in Unemployment Ins and Outs during the Great Recession in Spain," Working Papers 16.06, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pab:wpaper:16.06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fairlie, Robert, 2016. "Racial Differences in Labor Market Transitions and the Great Recession," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt4542h7rq, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
    2. repec:eme:ijmpps:ijm-04-2016-0082 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:bla:labour:v:31:y:2017:i:4:p:337-368 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:taf:irapec:v:31:y:2017:i:2:p:173-190 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sara de la Rica & Lucía Gorjón, 2016. "The impact of family-friendly policies in Spain and their use throughout the business cycle," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-26, December.
    6. repec:spr:jlabre:v:38:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s12122-017-9244-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Max Coveney & Pilar Garcia Gomez & Eddy Van Doorslaer & Tom Van Ourti, 2015. "Health Disparities by Income in Spain before and after the Economic Crisis," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-130/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    8. repec:kap:empiri:v:45:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10663-016-9356-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. NAGORE GARCIA Amparo & VAN SOEST Arthur, 2016. "Unemployment Exits Before and During the Crisis," LISER Working Paper Series 2016-14, LISER.
    10. Yolanda F. Rebollo-Sanz, 2017. "Decomposing the structure of wages into firm and worker effects: Some insights from a high unemployment economy," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(5), pages 765-787, August.
    11. NAGORE GARCIA Amparo, 2017. "Gender Differences in Unemployment Dynamics and Initial Wages over the Business Cycle," LISER Working Paper Series 2017-06, LISER.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender Differentials; unemployment gross flows; hazard rates; state dependence; two-step Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition.;

    JEL classification:

    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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