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Becoming Sensitive: Males' Risk and Time Preferences after the 2008 Financial Crisis

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  • Jetter, Michael

    (University of Western Australia)

  • Magnusson, Leandro

    (Tulane University)

  • Roth, Sebastian

    (University of Western Australia)

Abstract

This paper presents evidence suggesting men's (but not women's) risk and time preferences have systematically become sensitive to local economic conditions since the 2008 financial crisis. Studying longitudinal, nationally representative data for 22,579 Australian-based respondents in up to 11 surveys from 2002-2015, men respond with increased risk aversion and impatience to a rise in their region's unemployment rate – but only since 2008. We find no such relationship for women or before the crisis. This conclusion persists when accounting for individual-level fixed effects, demographics, national economic conditions, the individual's employment situation, income, wealth, as well as region- and time-specific unobservables. Exploring a potential mechanism, higher regional unemployment rates are also linked to men (but not women) being more unhappy since 2008. This 'happiness channel' only partially explains the link between the local unemployment rate and risk preferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Jetter, Michael & Magnusson, Leandro & Roth, Sebastian, 2020. "Becoming Sensitive: Males' Risk and Time Preferences after the 2008 Financial Crisis," IZA Discussion Papers 13054, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13054
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    1. Drichoutis, Andreas C. & Nayga, Rodolfo, 2020. "On the stability of risk and time preferences amid the COVID-19 pandemic," MPRA Paper 104376, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    Keywords

    financial crisis; gender differences; time preferences; risk preferences;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G41 - Financial Economics - - Behavioral Finance - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making in Financial Markets
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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