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Structural Reforms, Growth and Inequality: An Overview of Theory, Measurement and Evidence

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  • Campos, Nauro F.

    (University College London)

  • De Grauwe, Paul

    (London School of Economics)

  • Ji, Yuemei

    (University College London)

Abstract

This chapter provides a critical overview of the state of the art in the economics literature on structural reforms. It takes stock of theoretical developments, measurement efforts and of the econometric evidence. We start with a simple theoretical framework for the relationship between structural reforms, economic growth and income inequality. We argue that whether structural reforms have a positive or negative impact depends on various factors. The type of reform, timing, sequence and political constraints play crucial roles in determining the effectiveness of reforms on economic growth and income inequality. We conclude by proposing a 7-point agenda for future research.

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  • Campos, Nauro F. & De Grauwe, Paul & Ji, Yuemei, 2017. "Structural Reforms, Growth and Inequality: An Overview of Theory, Measurement and Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 11159, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11159
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    Cited by:

    1. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 2021. "Pareto-improving structural reforms," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 194(C).
    2. Jonathan D. Ostry & Andrew Berg & Siddharth Kothari, 2021. "Growth‐equity trade‐offs in structural reforms," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 68(2), pages 209-237, May.
    3. Romp, Ward & Beetsma, Roel, 2023. "OECD pension reform: The role of demographic trends and the business cycle," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).
    4. Rieth, Malte & Wittich, Jana, 2020. "The impact of ECB policy on structural reforms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
    5. Rovo,Natasha, 2020. "Structural Reforms to Set the Growth Ambition," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9175, The World Bank.
    6. Randolph Luca Bruno & Elodie Douarin & Julia Korosteleva & Slavo Radosevic, 2022. "The Two Disjointed Faces of R&D and the Productivity Gap in Europe," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(3), pages 580-603, May.
    7. Rieth, Malte & Wittich, Jana, 2020. "The impact of ECB policy on structural reforms," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 122.
    8. Jonas Rapsikevičius & Jurgita Bruneckienė & Rytis Krušinskas & Mantas Lukauskas, 2022. "The Impact of Structural Reforms on Sustainable Development Performance: Evidence from European Union Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(19), pages 1-18, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    structural reforms; income inequality; economic growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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