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Does democracy facilitate the economic transition : an empirical study of Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

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  • Dethier, Jean-Jacques*Ghanem, Hafez*Zoli, Edda

The authors analyze whether political freedom and civil liberties help or hinder economic liberalization, using panel data from 25 post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union between 1992 and 1997. Building on arguments and counter-arguments put forth in recent literature, they identify the channels through which political freedom affects economic liberalization during the transition. Then they test the arguments empirically with an econometric framework that takes into account possible problems with simultaneity between the economic and political transitions. Their empirical findings clearly reveal that democracy has facilitated economic liberalization in countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This conclusion is confirmed under various model specifications, for both ordinary and two-stage least squares procedures and using two different measures of liberalization. The econometric results reveal that the existence of a vibrant civil society at the start of the transition has the most explanatory power in the author's regressions.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2194.

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Date of creation: 31 Oct 1999
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2194
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