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Spatial Distribution of Skills and Regional Trade Integration

Author

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  • Fabien Candau

    () (CATT - Centre d'Analyse Théorique et de Traitement des données économiques - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour)

  • Elisa Dienesch

    (CATT - Centre d'Analyse Théorique et de Traitement des données économiques - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour)

Abstract

This study is a theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of regional trade integration on the spatial distribution of skills. We first develop a theoretical model in the economic geography field to integrate heterogeneous workers, housing, local entrepreneurs and skill upgrading by unskilled workers. We then analyse how the domestic integration of each state in the U.S., approximated by truck registrations, influenced the location choice of skilled and unskilled workers in 1940-1960. By using inter-and intrastate trade flow from the U.S. Commodity Flow Survey, we also analyse the impact of regional trade costs for the contemporary period (1997, 2002, 2007). The theoretical model shows that the bell-shaped curve of spatial development displays a sorting of individuals and firms. Only high-skilled workers increasingly choose the core region during the process of regional integration while intermediate-skilled workers move to the periphery due to the increase in the price of housing. By impacting differently on the opportunity cost to invest in skill acquisition in the core and the periphery, this sorting influences the regional creation of human capital. First a regional divergence in education investment occurs, and then a convergence, but only for high level regional integration. The empirical analysis confirms that regional trade integration has been a determinant of the spatial distribution of skills in the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabien Candau & Elisa Dienesch, 2015. "Spatial Distribution of Skills and Regional Trade Integration," Working Papers hal-01885150, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01885150
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-univ-pau.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01885150
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    Cited by:

    1. Candau, Fabien & Dienesch, Elisa, 2017. "Pollution Haven and Corruption Paradise," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 171-192.
    2. Fabien Candau & Tchapo Gbandi, 2019. "Trade and Institutions: Explaining Urban Giants," Post-Print hal-02416125, HAL.
    3. Paolo Caro, 2018. "To be (or not to be) resilient over time: facts and causes," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 60(2), pages 375-392, March.
    4. Falvey, Rod & Greenaway, David & Silva, Joana, 2010. "Trade liberalisation and human capital adjustment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 230-239, July.
    5. Yasuhiro Sato & Masaaki Toma, 2017. "Transition of Spatial Distribution of Human Capital in Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-1046, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    6. Yasuhiro Sato & Masaaki Toma, 2017. "Transition of Spatial Distribution of Human Capital in Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-1046, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade; Education; Spatial Sorting; Migration;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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