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Skills, Agglomeration and Segmentation

Author

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  • Tomoya Mori

    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

  • Alessandro Turrini

    (Department of Economics, University of Bergamo; Centro Studi Luca d´Agliano)

Abstract

We investigate the role of skill heterogeneity in explaining location patterns induced by pecuniary externalities (Krugman (1991)). In our setting, sellers with higher skills perform better in the marketplace, and their sales are larger. Selling to distant locations leads to lower sales because of both (pecuniary) transport costs and communication costs that reduce the perceived quality of goods. A symmetry-breaking result is obtained: symmetric configurations cannot be stable, and regional inequality is inevitable. The relatively more skilled choose to stay in the location with higher aggregate income and skill, while the relatively less skilled stay in the other. The model allows us to analyse the links between the extent of interregional inequality and the extent of interpersonal skill inequality.
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Suggested Citation

  • Tomoya Mori & Alessandro Turrini, 2000. "Skills, Agglomeration and Segmentation," Development Working Papers 141, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:141
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gilad Aharonovitz, 2011. "Knowledge-based spatial differences in economic activity, job related migration and housing related migration," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(1), pages 159-188, February.
    2. Vasco Leite & Sofia Castro & João Correia-da-Silva, 2009. "The core periphery model with asymmetric inter-regional and intra-regional trade costs," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 8(1), pages 37-44, April.
    3. Berliant, Marcus & Kung, Fan-chin, 2006. "Can Information Asymmetry Cause Agglomeration?," MPRA Paper 1278, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Dec 2006.
    4. Behrens, Kristian & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2015. "Agglomeration Theory with Heterogeneous Agents," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    5. TABUCHI, Takatoshi & THISSE, Jacques-François & ZHU, Xiwei, 2014. "Does technological progress affect the location of economic activity ?," CORE Discussion Papers 2014047, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    6. Behrens, Kristian & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2008. "Survival of the fittest in cities: agglomeration, selection, and polarisation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 28506, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Hiroshi Aiura & Yasuhiro Sato, 2014. "A model of urban demography," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 47(3), pages 981-1009, August.
    8. Matthias Wrede, 2013. "Heterogeneous skills, migration, and commuting," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(2), pages 345-360, June.
    9. Marcus Berliant & Tomoya Mori, 2017. "Beyond urban form: How Masahisa Fujita shapes us," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 13(1), pages 5-28, March.
    10. Redding, Stephen & Schott, Peter K., 2003. "Distance, skill deepening and development: will peripheral countries ever get rich?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 515-541, December.
    11. Berliant, Marcus & Kung, Fan-chin, 2010. "Can information asymmetry cause stratification?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 196-209, July.
    12. Kohei Nagamachi, 2012. "Comparative Advantage and Skill Premium of Regions," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-868, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    13. Shiwei Hu & Steven Brakman & Charles van Marrewijk, 2014. "Smart Cities are Big Cities - Comparative Advantage in Chinese Cities," CESifo Working Paper Series 5028, CESifo Group Munich.
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    16. TAKAHASHI, Takaaki, 2005. "Economic geography and endogenous determination of transportation technology," CORE Discussion Papers 2005014, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    17. Matthias Wrede, 2013. "Heterogeneous skills and homogeneous land: segmentation and agglomeration," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 767-798, September.
    18. Borowiecki, Karol Jan & Kavetsos, Georgios, 2015. "In fatal pursuit of immortal fame: Peer competition and early mortality of music composers," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 30-42.
    19. Da Silva Catela, Eva Yamila & Porcile, Gabriel & Gonçalves, Flávio, 2010. "Brazilian municipalities: agglomeration economies and development levels in 1997 and 2007," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    20. Nicola D. Coniglio, 2002. "Regional Intergration and Migration: An Economic Geography Model with Hetergenous Labour Force," Working Papers 2003_1, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    21. Karol Jan BOROWIECKI & Georgios KAVETSOS, 2011. "Does Competition Kill? The Case of Classical Composers," Trinity Economics Papers tep1111, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    22. Mori, Tomoya & Turrini, Alessandro, 2005. "Skills, agglomeration and segmentation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 201-225, January.
    23. Maria Florencia Granato, 2011. "REGIONAL NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p747, European Regional Science Association.
    24. Takahashi, Takaaki, 2006. "Economic geography and endogenous determination of transport technology," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 498-518, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Skill heterogeneity; Agglomeration; Core–periphery model; Regional inequality; Interpersonal inequality; Transport costs;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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