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Sorting and local wage and skill distributions in France

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  • Combes, Pierre-Philippe
  • Duranton, Gilles
  • Gobillon, Laurent
  • Roux, Sébastien

Abstract

This paper provides descriptive evidence about the distribution of wages and skills in denser and less dense employment areas in France. We confirm that on average, workers in denser areas are more skilled. There is also strong over-representation of workers with particularly high and low skills in denser areas. These features are consistent with patterns of migration including negative selection of migrants to less dense areas and positive selection towards denser areas. Nonetheless migration, even in the long-run, accounts for little of the skill differences between denser and less dense areas. Finally, we find marked differences across age groups and some suggestions that much of the skill differences across areas can be explained by differences between occupational groups rather than within.

Suggested Citation

  • Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent & Roux, Sébastien, 2012. "Sorting and local wage and skill distributions in France," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 913-930.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:42:y:2012:i:6:p:913-930
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2012.11.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Gobillon, Laurent, 2015. "The Empirics of Agglomeration Economies," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    2. Lindley, Joanne & Machin, Stephen, 2014. "Spatial changes in labour market inequality," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 121-138.
    3. Baum-Snow, Nathaniel & Ferreira, Fernando, 2015. "Causal Inference in Urban and Regional Economics," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    4. Matthias Wrede, 2013. "Heterogeneous skills, migration, and commuting," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(2), pages 345-360, June.
    5. Bosquet, Clément & Overman, Henry G, 2016. "Why does birthplace matter so much? Sorting, learning and geography," CEPR Discussion Papers 11085, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Alessia Matano & Paolo Naticchioni, 2016. "What Drives The Urban Wage Premium? Evidence Along The Wage Distribution," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(2), pages 191-209, March.
    7. David Jinkins & Farid Farrokhi, 2017. "Wage inequality and the Location of Cities," 2017 Meeting Papers 924, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. Longhi, Simonetta, 2013. "Impact of cultural diversity on wages, evidence from panel data," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 797-807.
    9. Gabor Bekes & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2015. "Micro-founded measurement of regional competitiveness in Europe," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1525, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    10. Matthias Wrede, 2013. "Heterogeneous skills and homogeneous land: segmentation and agglomeration," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 767-798, September.
    11. Jorge De La Roca & Diego Puga, 2017. "Learning by Working in Big Cities," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(1), pages 106-142.
    12. Juan Soto & Dusan Paredes, 2016. "Cities, Wages, And The Urban Hierarchy," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(4), pages 596-614, September.
    13. Elisabeth Bublitz & Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2015. "Balanced Skills and the City: An Analysis of the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Skill Balance, Thickness, and Innovation," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 91(4), pages 475-508, October.
    14. Vives Coscojuela, Cecilia, 2016. "Human Capital and Market Size," IKERLANAK Ikerlanak;2016-98, Universidad del País Vasco - Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico I.
    15. Rafael Alvarado & Miguel Atienza, 2014. "The role of market access and human capital in regional wage disparities: Empirical evidence for Ecuador," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 50, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2014.
    16. Kok, Suzanne, 2014. "Town and city jobs: How your job is different in another location," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 58-67.
    17. Suzanne Kok, 2013. "Town and city jobs: Your job is different in another location," CPB Discussion Paper 246, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    18. Ortega, J. & Verdugo, G., 2015. "The Impact of Immigration on the Local Labor Market Outcomes of Blue Collar Workers: Panel Data Evidence," Working Papers 15/07, Department of Economics, City University London.
    19. Dmitry Pokrovsky & Kristian Behrens, 2014. "Unequal cities: Self-selection, matching, and the distribution of income," ERSA conference papers ersa14p997, European Regional Science Association.
    20. Anil Rupasingha & Yongzheng Liu & Mark Partridge, 2015. "Rural Bound: Determinants of Metro to Non-Metro Migration in the United States," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 97(3), pages 680-700.
    21. Diana Lúcia Gonzaga da Silva & Carlos Roberto Azzoni, 2016. "Location and wages: the contribution of firm and worker effects in Brazil," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2016_41, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    22. Kentaro Nakajima & Ryosuke Okamoto, 2014. "Measuring the sorting effect of migration on spatial wage disparities," GRIPS Discussion Papers 14-19, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
    23. Carlsen, Fredrik & Rattsø, Jørn & Stokke, Hildegunn E., 2016. "Education, experience, and urban wage premium," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 39-49.
    24. Détang-Dessendre, Cécile & Partridge, Mark D. & Piguet, Virginie, 2016. "Local labor market flexibility in a perceived low migration country: The case of French labor markets," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 89-103.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sorting; Wage distribution; Skill distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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