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Spatial sorting

  • Jan Eeckhout

    ()

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Roberto Pinheiro
  • Kurt Schmidheiny

We investigate the role of complementarities in production and skill mobility across cities. We propose a general equilibrium model of location choice by heterogeneously skilled workers, and consider different degrees of complementarities between the skills of workers. The nature of the complementarities determines the equilibrium skill distribution across cities. We prove that with extreme-skill complementarity, the skill distribution has fatter tails in large cities; with top-skill complementarity, there is first-order stochastic dominance. Using the model to back out skills from wage and housing price data, we find robust evidence of fat tails in large cities. Big cities have big inequality. This pattern of spatial sorting is consistent with extreme-skill complementarity: the productivity of high skilled workers and of the providers of low skilled services is mutually enhanced.

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Paper provided by Institute for Fiscal Studies in its series IFS Working Papers with number W13/18.

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Date of creation: Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ifs:ifsewp:13/18
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