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International Migration and Gender Differentials in the Home Labor Market: Evidence from Albania

  • Mariapia Mendola

    (University of Milan Bicocca and LdA)

  • Gero Carletto

    (the World Bank)

This paper examines the role of male-dominated international migration in shaping labor market outcomes by gender in migrant-sending households in Albania. Using detailed information on family migration experience from the latest Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) survey, we find that male and female labor supplies respond differently to current and past migration episodes of household members. Controlling for the potential endogeneity of migration and for the income (remittances) effect, estimates show that having a migrant abroad decreases female paid labor supply while increasing unpaid work. On the other hand, women with past family migration experience are significantly more likely to engage in self-employment and less likely to supply unpaid work. The same relationships do not hold for men. These findings suggest that over time male-dominated Albanian migration may lead to women’s empowerment in the access to income-earning opportunities at origin.

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Paper provided by Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano in its series Development Working Papers with number 272.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2009
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Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:272
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