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Assessing the Impact of Massive Out-Migration on Albanian Agriculture

  • Nancy McCarthy

    (George Mason University School of Law, Arlington)

  • Calogero Carletto

    (The World Bank, Washington, DC)

  • Talip Kilic

    (The World Bank, Washington, DC)

  • Benjamin Davis

    (UNICEF, Nairobi)

Cet article se penche sur les impacts de la migration sur les décisions de production agricole des ménages, y compris par rapport à l'attribution des tâches, la diversification des récoltes, ainsi que les revenus domestiques agricoles et totaux, en utilisant des données d'une enquête auprès de ménages, en Albanie. Les résultats indiquent que la migration internationale conduit à réduire le temps de travail consacré aux activités agricoles, ainsi qu'à diminuer la diversité des récoltes, mais n'a aucun impact sur le revenu agricole. La migration mène cependant à des revenus globaux plus élevés. Ces résultats suggèrent que la migration internationale ne renforce pas la production agricole au niveau des ménages, mais facilite plutôt la transition vers des activités économiques autres que l'agriculture. Nous considérons également l'effet sur l'activité agricole du départ du foyer de jeunes adultes qui restent cependant en Albanie. Cette migration locale produit l'effet opposé à celui de la migration internationale : plus grands sont les réseaux internes, plus les revenus agricoles et le temps de travail agricole par habitant augmentent.European Journal of Development Research (2009) 21, 448–470. doi:10.1057/ejdr.2009.12; published online 14 May 2009

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Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

Volume (Year): 21 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 448-470

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Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:21:y:2009:i:3:p:448-470
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