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Migration, crop production and non-farm labor diversification in rural Vietnam

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  • Nguyen, Duc Loc
  • Grote, Ulrike
  • Nguyen, Trung Thanh

Abstract

This article examines the impacts of migration with and without remittances on crop productivity growth , crop diversification, and non-farm labor diversification of rural households in Vietnam. We use village fixed-effects regression models for a panel data set of about 2,000 rural households collected in 2007, 2008 and 2010 in three rural provinces. The findings demonstrate that rural households who receive remittances from their migrants reduce the share of their income from rice, increase their land productivity and become more specialized in non-farm labor allocation. However, migration without remittances decreases farm labor productivity growth and crop diversification of rural households.

Suggested Citation

  • Nguyen, Duc Loc & Grote, Ulrike & Nguyen, Trung Thanh, 2019. "Migration, crop production and non-farm labor diversification in rural Vietnam," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 175-187.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecanpo:v:63:y:2019:i:c:p:175-187
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2019.06.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Nguyen, Giang & Nguyen, Trung Thanh, 2020. "Exposure to weather shocks: A comparison between self-reported record and extreme weather data," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 117-138.
    2. Yang, Jin & Wan, Qian & Bi, Wu, 2020. "Off-farm employment and grain production change: New evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
    3. Hermann Waibel & Ulrike Grote & Shi Min & Trung Thanh Nguyen & Suwanna Praneetvatakul, 2020. "COVID-19 in the Greater Mekong Subregion: how resilient are rural households?," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(4), pages 779-782, August.
    4. Shaoyao Zhang & Wei Deng & Li Peng & Peng Zhou & Ying Liu, 2020. "Has Rural Migration Weakened Agricultural Cultivation? Evidence from the Mountains of Southwest China," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-19, March.
    5. Hermann Waibel & Ulrike Grote & Shi Min & Trung Thanh Nguyen & Suwanna Praneetvatakul, 0. "COVID-19 in the Greater Mekong Subregion: how resilient are rural households?," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 0, pages 1-4.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fixed-effects regression; Migration; Remittances; Productivity growth; Diversification; Vietnam;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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