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Does Land Tenure Security Promote Manure Use by Farm Households in Vietnam?

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  • Trung Thanh Nguyen

    () (Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz University Hannover, Königsworther Platz 1, Hannover 30167, Germany)

  • Siegfried Bauer

    () (Project and Regional Planning, Giessen University, Senckenbergstraße 3, Gießen 35390, Germany)

  • Ulrike Grote

    () (Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz University Hannover, Königsworther Platz 1, Hannover 30167, Germany)

Abstract

Facing widespread poverty and land degradation, Vietnam started a land reform in 1993 as part of its renovation policy package known as “ Doi Moi ”. This paper examines the impacts of improved land tenure security, via this land reform, on manure use by farm households. As manure potentially improves soil fertility by adding organic matter and nutrients to the soil surface, it might contribute to improving soil productive capacity and reversing land degradation. Random effect regression models are applied to a panel dataset of 133 farm households in the Northern Uplands of Vietnam collected in 1993, 1998, and 2006. The results confirm that land tenure security has positive effects on manure use, but the levels of influence differ depending on whether the land has been privatized or whether the land title has already been issued. In addition, manure use is also influenced by the number of cattle and pigs, the education level and ethnicity of household heads, farm land size and non-farm income. The findings suggest that speeding up land privatization and titling, encouraging cattle and pig rearing, and improving education would promote manure use in farm production. However, careful interpretation of our research findings is required as land privatization, together with economic growth and population pressure, might lead to overuse of farm inputs.

Suggested Citation

  • Trung Thanh Nguyen & Siegfried Bauer & Ulrike Grote, 2016. "Does Land Tenure Security Promote Manure Use by Farm Households in Vietnam?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-19, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:178-:d:64024
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Rasadhika Sharma & Trung Thanh Nguyen & Ulrike Grote, 2018. "Changing Consumption Patterns—Drivers and the Environmental Impact," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-19, November.
    2. repec:gam:jlands:v:5:y:2016:i:2:p:8:d:66698 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Nguyen, Duc Loc & Grote, Ulrike & Nguyen, Trung Thanh, 2019. "Migration, crop production and non-farm labor diversification in rural Vietnam," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 175-187.
    4. Sharma, Rasadhika & Nguyen, Thanh Tung & Grote, Ulrike & Nguyen, Trung Thanh, 2016. "Changing Livelihoods in Rural Cambodia: Evidence from panel household data in Stung Treng," Working Papers 234557, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    5. Stephanie D. Maier & Tabea Beck & Javier Francisco Vallejo & Rafael Horn & Jan-Hendrik Söhlemann & Trung Thanh Nguyen, 2016. "Methodological Approach for the Sustainability Assessment of Development Cooperation Projects for Built Innovations Based on the SDGs and Life Cycle Thinking," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-26, October.
    6. Hoang Thi Quynh & Shima Kazuto, 2018. "Title “Organic Fertilizers” in Vietnam’s Markets: Nutrient Composition and Efficacy of Their Application," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-13, July.
    7. Peter Narh & Cosmas Kombat Lambini & Matthew Sabbi & Van Dien Pham & Trung Thanh Nguyen, 2016. "Land Sector Reforms in Ghana, Kenya and Vietnam: A Comparative Analysis of Their Effectiveness," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-17, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    land reform; economic incentive; random effect econometric models;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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