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Could a Higher Inflation Target Enhance Macroeconomic Stability?

Author

Listed:
  • José Dorich
  • Nicholas Labelle
  • Vadym Lepetyuk
  • Rhys R. Mendes

Abstract

Recent international experience with the effective lower bound on nominal interest rates has rekindled interest in the benefits of inflation targets above 2 per cent. We evaluate whether an increase in the inflation target to 3 or 4 per cent could improve macroeconomic stability in the Canadian economy. We find that the magnitude of the benefits hinges critically on two elements: (i) the availability and effectiveness of unconventional monetary policy (UMP) tools at the effective lower bound and (ii) the level of the real neutral interest rate. In particular, we show that when the real neutral rate is in line with the central tendency of estimates, raising the inflation target yields some improvement in macroeconomic outcomes. There are only modest gains if effective UMP tools are available. In contrast, with a deeply negative real neutral rate, a higher inflation target substantially improves macroeconomic stability regardless of UMP.

Suggested Citation

  • José Dorich & Nicholas Labelle & Vadym Lepetyuk & Rhys R. Mendes, 2018. "Could a Higher Inflation Target Enhance Macroeconomic Stability?," Staff Working Papers 18-17, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:18-17
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic models; Inflation targets; Monetary policy framework;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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