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The Chinese Growth Miracle

In: Handbook of Economic Growth

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  • Yao, Yang

Abstract

This chapter provides a review of China’s economic growth since 1978. Studying China’s economic success may shed new light on the political economy of growth, the impacts of the ascent of large countries on the rest of the world, and the relationship between inequality and economic growth. The chapter starts with a review of the characteristics of China’s economic growth and compares it with those of several similar economies. Then it shows how China’s economic success has been created by innovative institutional arrangements as well as adherence to the policy advice prescribed by neoclassical economics. After that, the chapter describes China’s export-led growth model and analyzes its causes and the structural imbalances associated with it. Lastly, the chapter presents data for income inequality in China and discusses how inequality may affect China’s prospect of avoiding the middle-income trap.

Suggested Citation

  • Yao, Yang, 2014. "The Chinese Growth Miracle," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 7, pages 943-1031, Elsevier.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:grochp:2-943
    DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53540-5.00007-0
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    Cited by:

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    2. Yan Du & Yi Lu, 2018. "The Great Opening up and the Roadmap for the Future: The Story of China's International Trade," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 26(2), pages 68-93, March.
    3. Ke, Xiao & Chen, Haiqiang & Hong, Yongmiao & Hsiao, Cheng, 2017. "Do China's high-speed-rail projects promote local economy?—New evidence from a panel data approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 203-226.
    4. Lenz, Fulko, 2020. "Europa im Systemwettbewerb mit China: Trugschlüsse, Schutzinstrumente und offensive Antworten," Argumente zur Marktwirtschaft und Politik 150, Stiftung Marktwirtschaft / The Market Economy Foundation, Berlin.
    5. Hong, Pingfan & Li, Hung-Yi, 2017. "Avoiding pitfalls in China’s transition of its growth model," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 712-728.
    6. Wenjuan Gao & Xiaohao Ding & Ran Chen & Weifang Min, 2019. "An Empirical Study of the Role of Higher Education in Building a Green Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-14, December.
    7. Prema†chandra Athukorala & Zheng Wei, 2018. "Economic Transition And Labour Market Dynamics In China: An Interpretative Survey Of The €˜Turning Point’ Debate," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(2), pages 420-439, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Chinese growth miracle; Political economy of growth; Export-led growth; Global imbalances; Middle-income trap;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution

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