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Federalism With and Without Political Centralization: China Versus Russia

Author

Listed:
  • Olivier Blanchard

    (International Monetary Fund)

  • Andrei Shleifer

    (International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

In China, local governments have actively contributed to the growth of new firms. In Russia, local governments have typically stood in the way, be it through taxation, regulation, or corruption. We argue that the difference can be traced to lies in the degree of political centralization present in China, but not in Russia. In China the central government has been strong and disciplined enough to induce local governments to favor growth. In Russia, it has not. We agree, but with an important caveat. We believe the experience of Russia indicates that another ingredient is crucial, namely political centralization. Copyright 2002, International Monetary Fund

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Blanchard & Andrei Shleifer, 2001. "Federalism With and Without Political Centralization: China Versus Russia," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(4), pages 1-8.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfstp:v:48:y:2001:i:4:p:8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Simon Johnson & Daniel Kaufman & Andrei Shleifer, 1997. "The Unofficial Economy in Transition," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(2), pages 159-240.
    2. Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina V., 2000. "Incentives to provide local public goods: fiscal federalism, Russian style," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 337-368, June.
    3. Yingyi Qian & Barry R. Weingast, 1997. "Federalism as a Commitment to Reserving Market Incentives," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(4), pages 83-92, Fall.
    4. repec:hrv:faseco:30725664 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Frye, Timothy & Shleifer, Andrei, 1997. "The Invisible Hand and the Grabbing Hand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 354-358, May.
    6. repec:hrv:faseco:30728045 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • P30 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - General
    • P50 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - General

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