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How Different are FDI and FPI Flows?: Distance and Capital Market Integration

Author

Listed:
  • Hattari, Rabin

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • S. Rajan, Ramkishen

    (George Mason University)

Abstract

The availability of bilateral capital flows between countries has given rise to a number of papers attempting to understand trends and determinants of capital flows between country pairs. Almost without exception, the papers find that the gravity model fits the data quite well. Specifically, while economic sizes of the host and source (measured by GDP, population etc) appear to positively impact bilateral flows in most cases, distance -- broadly proxying some sort of transactions and / or information frictions -- stands out as consistently hindering all types of capital flows. But does greater distance hinder both foreign portfolio investment (FPI) and foreign direct investment (FDI) flows equally? In other words, does distance change the composition of capital flows? This is the specific question that this paper focuses on, differentiating between total FDI, FDI via mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and FPI.

Suggested Citation

  • Hattari, Rabin & S. Rajan, Ramkishen, 2011. "How Different are FDI and FPI Flows?: Distance and Capital Market Integration," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 26, pages 499-525.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0547
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    12. Kahouli, Bassem & Maktouf, Samir, 2015. "The determinants of FDI and the impact of the economic crisis on the implementation of RTAs: A static and dynamic gravity model," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 518-529.
    13. Körner, Finn Marten & Trautwein, Hans-Michael, 2015. "Sovereign credit ratings and the transnationalization of finance: Evidence from a gravity model of portfolio investment," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), vol. 9, pages 1-54.
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    17. Pareja-Alcaraz, Pablo, 2017. "Chinese investments in Southern Europe's energy sectors: Similarities and divergences in China's strategies in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 700-710.
    18. Sanchez-Martin, Miguel Eduardo & de Pinies, Jaime & Antoine, Kassia, 2015. "Measuring the determinants of backward linkages from FDI in developing economies : is it a matter of size ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7185, The World Bank.
    19. He, Qing & Korhonen, Iikka & Guo, Junjie & Liu, Fangge, 2016. "The geographic distribution of international currencies and RMB internationalization," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 442-458.
    20. Grimm Noh & Dongyoub Shin, 2018. "The different influences of the government and politicians on the international expansion of Chinese firms," Asian Business & Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 17(5), pages 366-396, December.
    21. Sasidaran Gopalan & Ramkishen S. Rajan, 2016. "Revisiting Bilateral Foreign Direct Investment Inflows into BRIC Economies," Global Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 7(4), pages 510-520, November.
    22. Gurova, Irina (Гурова, Ирина), 2019. "Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Russia: Empirical Study [Факторы Прямых Иностранных Инвестиций В России: Эмпирическое Исследование]," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 6, pages 36-61, December.
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    24. Cavoli, Tony, 2014. "Substitutes or complements? The interactions between components of capital inflows for Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31, pages 32-41.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distance; Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI); Gravity; Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As);
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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