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How Different are FDI and FPI Flows?: Does Distance Alter the Composition of Capital Flows?

Author

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  • Rabin Hattari

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Ramkishen S. Rajan

    (George Mason University, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies and Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

Abstract

The availability of bilateral capital flows between countries has given rise to a number of papers attempting to understand trends and determinants of capital flows between country pairs. Almost without exception, the papers find that the gravity model fits the data quite well. Specifically, while economic sizes of the host and source (measured by GDP, population etc) appear to positively impact bilateral flows in most cases, distance -- broadly proxying some sort of transactions and / or information frictions -- stands out as consistently hindering all types of capital flows. But does greater distance hinder both foreign portfolio investment (FPI) and foreign direct investment (FDI) flows equally? In other words, does distance change the composition of capital flows? This is the specific question that this paper focuses on, differentiating between total FDI, FDI via mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and FPI.

Suggested Citation

  • Rabin Hattari & Ramkishen S. Rajan, 2011. "How Different are FDI and FPI Flows?: Does Distance Alter the Composition of Capital Flows?," Working Papers 092011, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:092011
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcin Humanicki & Robert Kelm & Krzysztof Olszewski, 2013. "Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment in the contemporary globalized world: should they be still treated separately?," NBP Working Papers 167, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.
    2. Belke, Ansgar & Domnick, Clemens, 2018. "Trade and capital flows: Substitutes or complements? An empirical investigation," GLO Discussion Paper Series 269, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    3. Sayuri Shirai & Eric Alexander Sugandi, 2019. "Cross-Border Portfolio Investment and Financial Markets Development in the Asia and Pacific Region," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 12(5), pages 14-33, May.
    4. Pareja-Alcaraz, Pablo, 2017. "Chinese investments in Southern Europe's energy sectors: Similarities and divergences in China's strategies in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 700-710.
    5. Körner, Finn Marten & Trautwein, Hans-Michael, 2015. "Sovereign credit ratings and the transnationalization of finance: Evidence from a gravity model of portfolio investment," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 9, pages 1-54.
    6. He, Qing & Korhonen, Iikka & Guo, Junjie & Liu, Fangge, 2016. "The geographic distribution of international currencies and RMB internationalization," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 442-458.
    7. Kahouli, Bassem & Maktouf, Samir, 2015. "The determinants of FDI and the impact of the economic crisis on the implementation of RTAs: A static and dynamic gravity model," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 518-529.
    8. Sanchez-Martin, Miguel Eduardo & de Pinies, Jaime & Antoine, Kassia, 2015. "Measuring the determinants of backward linkages from FDI in developing economies : is it a matter of size ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7185, The World Bank.
    9. Grimm Noh & Dongyoub Shin, 2018. "The different influences of the government and politicians on the international expansion of Chinese firms," Asian Business & Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 17(5), pages 366-396, December.
    10. Cavoli, Tony, 2014. "Substitutes or complements? The interactions between components of capital inflows for Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31, pages 32-41.
    11. Jie Li & Ramkishen S. Rajan & Rabin Hattari, 2016. "Drivers of intraregional M&As within developing Asia," Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1), pages 116-131, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distance; Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI); Gravity; Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As);

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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