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Active labor market programs’ effects on entrepreneurship and unemployment

Author

Listed:
  • Catherine Laffineur

    (Université Côte d’Azur, GREDEG-CNRS
    EM Lyon)

  • Saulo Dubard Barbosa

    (EM Lyon)

  • Alain Fayolle

    (EM Lyon)

  • Emeran Nziali

    (EM Lyon)

Abstract

Many countries are turning to active labor market programs (ALMP) to increase individuals’ incentive to start a business and to reduce unemployment, but research on the effectiveness of such programs has produced mixed results and is still inconclusive at the macroeconomic level. This article examines the importance of ALMP targeted at entrepreneurship to explain cross-country differences in aggregate entrepreneurship rate. By using GEM data over the period 2002–2013 on OECD countries, our results show a positive impact of ALMP on the rate of necessity entrepreneurship but no significant effect on the rate of opportunity entrepreneurship. We further established that generous unemployment benefits reduce the positive outcome of ALMP on the aggregate rate of necessity entrepreneurship. Moreover, because most businesses started out of necessity do not create new jobs, we find that the economic spin-off of such programs in terms of unemployment reduction is very limited.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine Laffineur & Saulo Dubard Barbosa & Alain Fayolle & Emeran Nziali, 2017. "Active labor market programs’ effects on entrepreneurship and unemployment," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 49(4), pages 889-918, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9857-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-017-9857-7
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