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The Changing Face of Entrepreneurship in Germany

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  • Heiko Bergmann
  • Rolf Sternberg

Abstract

This paper explains individual start-up activities on the basis of both person-related characteristics and the regional context. The analysis is based upon micro data from the GEM adult population survey. Both individual and regional variables have an influence on the decision to become self-employed. There are considerable differences between nascent opportunity entrepreneurship and nascent necessity entrepreneurship. Whereas the results for opportunity entrepreneurship are in line with theoretical predictions the factors influencing necessity entrepreneurship are far more difficult to determine. The most significant change between 2001 and 2003/2004 is the reversal of the influence of a change in the regional rate of unemployment on nascent entrepreneurship activities. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Suggested Citation

  • Heiko Bergmann & Rolf Sternberg, 2007. "The Changing Face of Entrepreneurship in Germany," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 205-221, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:28:y:2007:i:2:p:205-221
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-006-9016-z
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; regions; Germany; Global Entrepreneurship Monitor; R12; L26; J23;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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