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Entrepreneurship, globalization, and public policy


  • Acs, Zoltan J.
  • Morck, Randall K.
  • Yeung, Bernard


This paper examines the impact of governmental policies in influencing the path of internationalization of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It focuses on the role of institutions mandated to assist internationalization, as exemplified by Canada's Export Development Corporation (EDC). We illustrate and examine critically the role that governments typically play in assisting and influencing the international expansion of domestic firms. We argue that the activities of agencies such as EDC -- mainly in financing and in insuring against the risks inherent in export activities -- may actually be counterproductive to the long-term interests of many SMEs by skewing managers' decisions toward direct exporting, rather than toward indirect exporting by entering the value chain of already-established multinational enterprises (MNEs). A consequence may be to divert the constrained resources of entrepreneurial firms away from their greatest comparative advantage -- innovation -- toward managing direct entry into international markets in which they are at a comparative disadvantage relative to larger established MNEs. Highly innovative SMEs might be better off by leaving the internationalization of their innovations to MNEs and sharing some of the international direct exporting profits with them instead. The implications are relevant for governmental policies toward internationalizing SMEs not just in Canada but in open, market-oriented economies everywhere.

Suggested Citation

  • Acs, Zoltan J. & Morck, Randall K. & Yeung, Bernard, 2001. "Entrepreneurship, globalization, and public policy," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 235-251.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:7:y:2001:i:3:p:235-251

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krueger, Anne O, 1990. "Government Failures in Development," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 4(3), pages 9-23, Summer.
    2. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1988. "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 678-690, September.
    3. Morck, Randall & Yeung, Bernard, 1991. "Why Investors Value Multinationality," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64(2), pages 165-187, April.
    4. repec:fth:michin:282 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Morck, Randall & Yeung, Bernard, 1992. "Internalization : An event study test," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 41-56, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:mgt:youmgt:v:15:y:2017:i:3:p:291-314 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Crecente-Romero, Fernando & Giménez-Baldazo, Mónica & Rivera-Galicia, Luis F., 2016. "Subjective perception of entrepreneurship. Differences among countries," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(11), pages 5158-5162.
    3. Sipos-Gug Sebastian & Badulescu Alina, 2015. "Macroeconomic Factors Of Entrepreneurship In The European Union," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 601-611, July.
    4. Zoltán J. Ács & Colm O'Gorman & László Szerb & Siri Terjesen, 2015. "Could the Irish Miracle be Repeated in Hungary?," Chapters,in: Global Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Incentives, chapter 30, pages 584-603 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Gongming Qian & Lee Li & Zhengming Qian, 2012. "Internalization Or Externalization: What Determines The Mode Of Governance For Small- And Medium-Sized Technology Enterprises?," Journal of Global Entrepreneurship, Global Research Agency, vol. 3(1), pages 83-90, July.
    6. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9857-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Minas Pediaditakis & Kleanthis Thomaidis, 2006. "Globalization and International Entrepreneurship," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1-2), pages 25-44.
    8. Qingfang Wang & Cathy Liu, 2015. "Transnational activities of immigrant-owned firms and their performances in the USA," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 345-359, February.
    9. Onkelinx, Jonas & Manolova, Tatiana S. & Edelman, Linda F., 2016. "The human factor: Investments in employee human capital, productivity, and SME internationalization," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 351-364.
    10. Gupta, Jairaj & Wilson, Nicholas & Gregoriou, Andros & Healy, Jerome, 2014. "The effect of internationalisation on modelling credit risk for SMEs: Evidence from UK market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 397-413.


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