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Does the Representation of Household Behavior Matter for Welfare Analysis of Tax-benefit Policies? An Introduction

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Listed:
  • Olivier Bargain

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  • Miriam Beblo
  • Denis Beninger
  • Richard Blundell
  • Raquel Carrasco
  • Maria-Concetta Chiuri
  • François Laisney
  • Valérie Lechene
  • Nicolas Moreau
  • Michal Myck
  • Javier Ruiz-Castillo
  • Frederic Vermeulen

Abstract

A widely shared intuition holds that individual control over money matters for the decision process within the household and the subsequent distribution of resources and welfare. As a consequence, there are good reasons to depart from the unitary model of the household and to explore the possibilities offered by models of the family accounting for several decision makers in the household and for the potential impact of tax reforms on the balance of power. This paper summarizes both the methodological and empirical findings presented in the next three papers of this special issue of the Review of the Economics of the Household. This series of contributions primarily entails a concrete comparison of the policy implications of the choice between the unitary and a particular multi-person representation: the collective representation. On the one hand, it suggests a methodology to implement the collective model of labor supply in a realistic context where participation is modeled together with working hours, and where the full tax-benefit system is accounted for. On the other hand, the empirical part relies on comprehensive simulations of tax reforms in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom, and allows to quantify the distortions that may affect policy recommendations based on the unitary model. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

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  • Olivier Bargain & Miriam Beblo & Denis Beninger & Richard Blundell & Raquel Carrasco & Maria-Concetta Chiuri & François Laisney & Valérie Lechene & Nicolas Moreau & Michal Myck & Javier Ruiz-Castillo , 2006. "Does the Representation of Household Behavior Matter for Welfare Analysis of Tax-benefit Policies? An Introduction," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 99-111, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:reveho:v:4:y:2006:i:2:p:99-111
    DOI: 10.1007/s11150-006-0001-8
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Carl Michaud & Frederic Vermeulen, 2006. "A Collective Labor Supply Model Identification and Estimation in the Presence of Externalities By Means of Panel Data," Working Papers WR-406, RAND Corporation.
    2. Hideo Akabayashi, 2006. "The labor supply of married women and spousal tax deductions in Japan—a structural estimation," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 349-378, December.
    3. Peter Haan & Michał Myck, 2012. "Multi-family households in a labour supply model: a calibration method with application to Poland," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(22), pages 2907-2919, August.
    4. Kurowska, Anna & Myck, Michal & Wrohlich, Katharina, 2012. "Family and Labor Market Choices: Requirements to Guide Effective Evidence-Based Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 6846, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Pierre-Carl Michaud & Frederic Vermeulen, 2006. "A Collective Labor Supply Model Identification and Estimation in the Presence of Externalities By Means of Panel Data," Working Papers 406, RAND Corporation.
    6. Beninger, Denis & Laisney, François, 2006. "On the performance of unitary models of household labor supply estimated on “collective” data with taxation," Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales (CESR), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), vol. 81.
    7. Bessho, Shun-ichiro & Hayashi, Masayoshi, 2014. "Intensive margins, extensive margins, and spousal allowances in the Japanese system of personal income taxes: A discrete choice analysis," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 162-178.
    8. Donni, Olivier & Molina, José Alberto, 2018. "Household Collective Models: Three Decades of Theoretical Contributions and Empirical Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 11915, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Shun-ichiro Bessho, 2018. "Child Benefit, Tax Allowances and Behavioural Responses: The Case of Japanese Reform, 2010–2011," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 69(4), pages 478-501, December.
    10. Pierre-André Chiappori & Costas Meghir, 2014. "Intrahousehold Inequality," NBER Working Papers 20191, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Pierre-Andre Chiappori & Costas Meghir, 2014. "Intra-household Welfare," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1949, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    12. Doorley, Karina & Bercholz, Maxime & Callan, Tim & Keane, Claire & Walsh, John R., 2018. "The gender impact of Irish budgetary policy 2008-2018," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number BKMNEXT367.
    13. P. Chiappori, 2011. "Collective labor supply with many consumption goods," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 207-220, June.
    14. Jérôme De Henau, 2008. "Asymetric power within couples: the gendered effect of children and employment on entitlement to household income," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 51(2/3), pages 269-290.
    15. Tim Callan & Arthur Van Soest & John R. Walsh, 2009. "Tax Structure and Female Labour Supply: Evidence from Ireland," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 23(1), pages 1-35, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Collective model; Household labor supply; Intra household allocations; Tax reform; D11; D12; J22;

    JEL classification:

    • D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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