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The Environmental Kuznets Curve and the Structural Change Hypothesis

Author

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  • Simone Marsiglio

    (University of Wollongong)

  • Alberto Ansuategi

    (University of the Basque Country)

  • Maria Carmen Gallastegui

    (University of the Basque Country)

Abstract

We provide a very simple macroeconomic investigation of the role that structural changes might play in generating inverted U-shaped income–pollution relationships. Differently from previous research which mainly focuses on empirical, static or general equilibrium models, we develop a standard balanced growth path (BGP) analysis. We show that along the BGP equilibrium an inverted U-shaped income–pollution relationship may occur as a response to structural changes, but whether this is the case or not it will crucially depend upon the magnitude of a production externality parameter. Moreover, we show that the negative relationship between income and pollution can only be a transitory phenomenon, and in the long run pollution will increase as income rises, generating overall an N-shaped pattern.

Suggested Citation

  • Simone Marsiglio & Alberto Ansuategi & Maria Carmen Gallastegui, 2016. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve and the Structural Change Hypothesis," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 63(2), pages 265-288, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:63:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s10640-015-9942-9
    DOI: 10.1007/s10640-015-9942-9
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    4. La Torre, Davide & Marsiglio, Simone & Privileggi, Fabio, 2018. "Fractal Attractors in Economic Growth Models with Random Pollution Externalities," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201801, University of Turin.
    5. Mark Awe Tachega & Xilong Yao & Yang Liu & Dulal Ahmed & Wilhermina Ackaah & Mohamed Gabir & Justice Gyimah, 2021. "Income Heterogeneity and the Environmental Kuznets Curve Turning Points: Evidence from Africa," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(10), pages 1-22, May.
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    7. Azevedo, Vitor G. & Sartori, Simone & Campos, Lucila M.S., 2018. "CO2 emissions: A quantitative analysis among the BRICS nations," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P1), pages 107-115.
    8. LAWSON, Laté A. & MARTINO, Roberto & NGUYEN-VAN, Phu, 2020. "Environmental convergence and environmental Kuznets curve: A unified empirical framework," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 437(C).
    9. Ming-Chieh Wang & Chang-Sheng Wang, 2018. "Tourism, the environment, and energy policies," Tourism Economics, , vol. 24(7), pages 821-838, November.
    10. Lapatinas, Athanasios & Garas, Antonios & Boleti, Eirini & Kyriakou, Alexandra, 2019. "Economic complexity and environmental performance: Evidence from a world sample," MPRA Paper 92833, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    16. Rehermann, F. & Pablo-Romero, M., 2018. "Economic growth and transport energy consumption in the Latin American and Caribbean countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 518-527.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Kuznets curve; Economic growth; Structural change;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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