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TTIP and the Environmental Kuznets Curve

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  • Pascalau, Razvan
  • Qirjo, Dhimitri

Abstract

This paper uses data on emissions per capita of ten air pollutants and municipal waste to investigate the potential impact of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) on the empirical validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). Using a dataset of the twenty-eight EU members and of the U.S. over a twenty-five year period, the results in this paper provide robust and statistically significant evidence consistent with the EKC argument for CO2, CH4, and HFCs/PFCs/SF6, respectively. Further, the paper finds a monotonically increasing relationship between income per capita and emissions per capita in the cases of GHGs, SF6, and NO2, respectively. In addition, this paper finds that the EKC’s turning point values of each pollutant are sensitive to the econometric approach and/or to the employed control variables. Finally, the study reports statistically significant evidence suggesting a U-shaped relationship between emissions per capita of SO2 or SOx and income per capita.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascalau, Razvan & Qirjo, Dhimitri, 2017. "TTIP and the Environmental Kuznets Curve," MPRA Paper 80192, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:80192
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    Cited by:

    1. Dhimitri Qirjo & Razvan Pascalau, 2021. "Would economic growth affect air pollution in light of the potential transatlantic trade and investment partnership?," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 127-156, February.
    2. Dhimitri Qirjo & Razvan Pascalau, 2019. "The Role of TTIP on the Environment," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 85(4), pages 1262-1285, April.
    3. Qirjo, Dhimitri & Pascalau, Razvan & Krichevskiy, Dmitriy, 2019. "CETA and Air Pollution," MPRA Paper 95608, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Qirjo, Dhimitri & Pascalau, Razvan & Krichevskiy, Dmitriy, 2020. "The Role of CETA on Carbon Dioxide, F-Gasses, Methane, and Nitrous Oxide," MPRA Paper 99646, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Qirjo, Dhimitri & Pascalau, Razvan, 2019. "The Role of TTIP on Other than CO2 Air Pollutants," MPRA Paper 95633, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Free Trade; Environmental Kuznets Curve; TTIP.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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