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Environmental pollution as engine of industrialization

Author

Listed:
  • Angelo Antoci

    ()

  • Marcello Galeotti

    ()

  • Serena Sordi

    ()

Abstract

This paper analyzes the dynamics of a small open economy characterized by two sectors (a farming sector and an industrial sector), heterogeneous agents (workers and entrepreneurs) and free inter-sectoral labor mobility. Labor productivity in the farming sector is negatively affected by environmental pollution generated by both sectors. Labor productivity in the industrial sector is positively affected by physical capital accumulated by entrepreneurs. We show that, as in the seminal contribution by Matsuyama (1992), low productivity of labor in the farming sector can be an engine of the industrialization process. However, in contrast with Matsuyama’s results, our analysis shows that the accumulation of pollution may fuel a self-enforcing process such that the expansion of the industrial sector generates a decrease in workers’ revenues.

Suggested Citation

  • Angelo Antoci & Marcello Galeotti & Serena Sordi, 2016. "Environmental pollution as engine of industrialization," Department of Economics University of Siena 725, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  • Handle: RePEc:usi:wpaper:725
    as

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    File URL: http://repec.deps.unisi.it/quaderni/725.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
    2. repec:hoo:wpaper:e-92-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Antoci, Angelo & Russu, Paolo & Sordi, Serena & Ticci, Elisa, 2014. "Industrialization and environmental externalities in a Solow-type model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 211-224.
    4. Frederick van der Ploeg, 2011. "Natural Resources: Curse or Blessing?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 49(2), pages 366-420, June.
    5. Matsuyama, Kiminori, 1992. "Agricultural productivity, comparative advantage, and economic growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 317-334, December.
    6. Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Warner, Andrew M., 1999. "The big push, natural resource booms and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 43-76, June.
    7. Gylfason, Thorvaldur, 2001. "Natural resources, education, and economic development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 847-859, May.
    8. Bartolini, Stefano & Bonatti, Luigi, 2002. "Environmental and social degradation as the engine of economic growth," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 1-16, November.
    9. Bartolini, Stefano & Bonatti, Luigi, 2003. "Undesirable growth in a model with capital accumulation and environmental assets," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(01), pages 11-30, February.
    10. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2004. "Life Earnings and Rural-Urban Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(S1), pages 29-59, February.
    11. Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Warner, Andrew M., 2001. "The curse of natural resources," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 827-838, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Two-sector model; structural change; negative externalities; pollution; self-protection behavior;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian

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