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Discriminatory Lending : Evidence from Bankers in the Lab

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  • Brock, J. Michelle
  • de Haas, Ralph

    (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)

Abstract

We implement a lab-in-the-field experiment with 334 Turkish loan officers to document gender discrimination in small business lending and to unpack the mechanisms at play. Each officer reviews multiple real-life loan applications in which we randomize the applicant's gender. While unconditional approval rates are the same for male and female applicants, loan officers are 26 percent more likely to require a guarantor when we present the same application as coming from a female instead of a male entrepreneur. A causal forest algorithm to estimate heterogeneous treatment effects reveals that this discrimination is strongly concentrated among young, inexperienced, and gender-biased loan officers. Discrimination mainly affects female loan applicants in male-dominated industries, indicating how financial frictions can perpetuate entrepreneurial gender segregation across sectors.
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  • Brock, J. Michelle & de Haas, Ralph, 2021. "Discriminatory Lending : Evidence from Bankers in the Lab," Other publications TiSEM c54f4f4f-3ad0-4d68-8962-d, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiutis:c54f4f4f-3ad0-4d68-8962-d5d49534e7e4
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    Cited by:

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    3. Tabea Bucher-Koenen & Andreas Hackethal & Johannes Koenen & Christine Laudenbach, 2021. "Gender Differences in Financial Advice," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 095, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    4. Susan Athey & Dean Karlan & Emil Palikot & Yuan Yuan, 2022. "Smiles in Profiles: Improving Fairness and Efficiency Using Estimates of User Preferences in Online Marketplaces," Papers 2209.01235, arXiv.org.

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    JEL classification:

    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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