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Failure and Success in Mergers and Acquisitions

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  • Renneboog, Luc

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Vansteenkiste, C.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the academic literature on the market for corporate control, and focuses specifically on firms' performance around and after a takeover. Despite the aggregate M&A market amounting to several trillions USD on an annual basis, acquiring firms often underperform relative to non-acquiring firms, especially in public takeovers. Although hundreds of academic studies have investigated the deal- and firm-level factors associated with M&A announcement returns, short-run returns are often not sustained in the long run. Moreover, the wide variety of performance measures and heterogeneity in sample sizes complicates the drawing of accurate and unambiguous conclusions. In this light, our survey compiles the recent literature and aims to identify the areas of research for which short-run returns predict (or fail to predict) long-run performance. We find that post-takeover deal performance is affected by key determinants including serial acquisitions, CEO overconfidence, acquirer-target relatedness and complementarity, and shareholder intervention in the form of voting or activism.
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Suggested Citation

  • Renneboog, Luc & Vansteenkiste, C., 2019. "Failure and Success in Mergers and Acquisitions," Discussion Paper 2019-026, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:cb487f33-0217-412f-a1ec-d4db204b9dfb
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    2. Ecer, C. Fuat J. & Trautmann, Stefan, 2020. "Done Deal! Advisor impact on Pricing, Premia, Returns, and Deal Completion in M&A," Other publications TiSEM 3cbae916-147a-4039-b753-b, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    3. Rama Krishna Reddy & Frances Fabian, 2020. "Information Asymmetry and Host Country Institutions in Cross-Border Acquisitions," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 60(6), pages 909-938, December.
    4. Nuru M. Ahmed & Jianfeng Wu, 2021. "Diversifying or Focused Acquisition? The Influence of CEOs Temporal Focus on Corporate Acquisition Target Choice and the Moderating Role of Corporate Governance," International Journal of Science and Business, IJSAB International, vol. 5(4), pages 80-104.
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    16. Bhagat, Sanjai & Dong, Ming & Hirshleifer, David & Noah, Robert, 2005. "Do tender offers create value? New methods and evidence," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 3-60, April.
    17. Humphery-Jenner, Mark & Powell, Ronan & Zhang, Emma Jincheng, 2019. "Practice makes progress: Evidence from divestitures," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 1-19.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    takeovers; merges and acquisitions; long-run performance; corporate governance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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