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Does ownership matter in mergers? A comparative study of the causes and consequences of mergers by family and non-family firms

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  • Shim, Jungwook
  • Okamuro, Hiroyuki

Abstract

Although the family firm is the dominant type among listed corporations worldwide, few papers investigate the behavioral differences between family and non-family firms. We analyze the differences in merger decisions and the consequences between them by using a unique Japanese dataset from a period of high economic growth. Empirical results suggest that family firms are less likely to merge than non-family firms are. Moreover, we find a positive relationship between pre-merger family ownership and the probability of mergers. Thus, ownership structure is an important determinant of mergers. Finally, we find that non-family firms benefit more from mergers than family firms do.

Suggested Citation

  • Shim, Jungwook & Okamuro, Hiroyuki, 2011. "Does ownership matter in mergers? A comparative study of the causes and consequences of mergers by family and non-family firms," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 193-203, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:35:y:2011:i:1:p:193-203
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    Cited by:

    1. De Cesari, Amedeo & Gonenc, Halit & Ozkan, Neslihan, 2016. "The effects of corporate acquisitions on CEO compensation and CEO turnover of family firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 294-317.
    2. Bouzgarrou, Houssam & Navatte, Patrick, 2013. "Ownership structure and acquirers performance: Family vs. non-family firms," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 123-134.
    3. Chi, Jing & Sun, Qian & Young, Martin, 2011. "Performance and characteristics of acquiring firms in the Chinese stock markets," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 152-170, June.
    4. Hien Thu Tran & Enrico Santarelli, 2014. "Capital constraints and the performance of entrepreneurial firms in Vietnam," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 827-864.
    5. Park, Minjung, 2013. "Understanding merger incentives and outcomes in the US mutual fund industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4368-4380.
    6. Adhikari, Hari P. & Sutton, Ninon K., 2016. "All in the family: The effect of family ownership on acquisition performance," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 65-78.

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    Keywords

    Merger Family firm Family ownership;

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