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Student effort and educational attainment: Using the England football team to identify the education production function

  • Robert Metcalfe
  • Simon Burgess and Steven Proud

We use a sharp, exogenous and repeated change in the value of leisure to identify the impact of student effort on educational achievement.� The treatment arises from the partial overlap of the world's major international football tournaments with the exam period in England.� Our data enable a clean difference-in-difference design.� Performance is measured using the high-stakes tests that all students take at the end of compulsory schooling.� We find a strongly significant effect: the average impact of a fall in effort is 0.12 SDs of student performance, significantly larger for male and disadvantaged students, as high as many educational policies.

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File URL: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/materials/papers/5530/paper586.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 586.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2011
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:586
Contact details of provider: Postal: Manor Rd. Building, Oxford, OX1 3UQ
Web page: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/
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