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Measuring Real-Financial Connectedness in the U.S. Economy

Author

Listed:
  • Erhan Uluceviz

    () (Gebze Technical University)

  • Kamil Yilmaz

    () (Koç University)

Abstract

We analyze connectedness between the real and financial sectors of the U.S. economy. Using the weekly ADS index of the Philadelphia FED (the widely used business conditions indicator) to represent the real side, we find that during times of financial distress and/or business cycle turning points the direction of connectedness runs from the real sector to financial markets. The ADS index is derived from a model containing a measure of term structure along with real variables, therefore, it might not be the best representative of the real activity to be used in the connectedness analysis. As an alternative, we derive a real activity index (RAI) from a dynamic factor model of the real sector variables only. The behavior of RAI over time is quite similar to that of the ADS index. When we include RAI to represent the real side of the economy in the connectedness analysis, the direction of net connectedness reverses: financial markets generate positive net connectedness to the real side of the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Erhan Uluceviz & Kamil Yilmaz, 2018. "Measuring Real-Financial Connectedness in the U.S. Economy," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1812, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1812
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    File URL: http://eaf.ku.edu.tr/sites/eaf.ku.edu.tr/files/erf_wp_1812.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Macro-financial linkages; Connectedness; ADS index; Dynamic factor model; Volatility; Vector autoregression; Variance decomposition.;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)

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