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Community Effects on Elderly Health: Evidence from CHARLS National Baseline

Author

Listed:
  • Smith, James P.

    () (RAND)

  • Tian, Meng

    () (Peking University)

  • Zhao, Yaohui

    () (Peking University)

Abstract

There is increasing interest in neighborhood or area effects on health and individual development. China, due to its vast regional variations in health infrastructure and geography and relative immobility of older residents, provides a rare opportunity to study such effects. Utilizing China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) baseline survey 2011-2012 which covered over 17,000 individuals in 450 randomly selected communities/villages, this paper addresses two questions: whether community/village characteristics matter for individual health and SES (Socio-Economic Status), and why they matter. Our statistical results indicate that community/village characteristics have strong associations with individual health and SES.

Suggested Citation

  • Smith, James P. & Tian, Meng & Zhao, Yaohui, 2013. "Community Effects on Elderly Health: Evidence from CHARLS National Baseline," IZA Discussion Papers 7535, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7535
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Zhang, Xiaobo & Kanbur, Ravi, 2005. "Spatial inequality in education and health care in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 189-204.
    2. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1992:82:6:816-820_3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Terry Sicular & Yue Ximing & Björn Gustafsson & Li Shi, 2007. "The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Inequality In China," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(1), pages 93-126, March.
    4. repec:ran:wpaper:774 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. James P. Smith & Yan Shen & John Strauss & Yang Zhe & Yaohui Zhao, 2012. "The Effects of Childhood Health on Adult Health and SES in China," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 61(1), pages 127-156.
    6. James Smith & Raynard Kington, 1997. "Demographic and economic correlates of health in old age," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 34(1), pages 159-170, February.
    7. Strauss, John & Thomas, Duncan, 2008. "Health over the Life Course," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier.
    8. Strauss, John & Lei, Xiaoyan & Park, Albert & Shen, Yan & Smith, James P. & Yang, Zhe & Zhao, Yaohui, 2010. "Health Outcomes and Socio-Economic Status among the Elderly in China: Evidence from the CHARLS Pilot," IZA Discussion Papers 5152, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. #HEJC papers for September 2013
      by academichealtheconomists in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2013-09-01 04:01:38

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    1. repec:eee:joecag:v:3:y:2014:i:c:p:29-43 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:joecag:v:4:y:2014:i:c:p:59-73 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; neighborhood effects; health;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality

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