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Early Gender Gaps among University Graduates

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  • Francesconi, Marco

    () (University of Essex)

  • Parey, Matthias

    () (University of Surrey)

Abstract

We use data from six cohorts of university graduates in Germany to assess the extent of gender gaps in college and labor market performance twelve to eighteen months after graduation. Men and women enter college in roughly equal numbers, but more women than men complete their degrees. Women enter college with slightly better high school grades, but women leave university with slightly lower marks. Immediately following university completion, male and female full-timers work very similar number of hours per week, but men earn more than women across the pay distribution, with an unadjusted gender gap in full-time monthly earnings of about 20 log points on average. Including a large set of controls reduces the gap to 5-10 log points. The single most important proximate factor that explains the gap is field of study at university.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesconi, Marco & Parey, Matthias, 2018. "Early Gender Gaps among University Graduates," IZA Discussion Papers 11361, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11361
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    Cited by:

    1. Briel, Stephanie & Osikominu, Aderonke & Pfeifer, Gregor & Reutter, Mirjam & Satlukal, Sascha, 2020. "Overconfidence and Gender Differences in Wage Expectations," IZA Discussion Papers 13517, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Kunze, Astrid & Corekcioglu , Gozde & Francesconi , Marco, 2020. "Do Generous Parental Leave Policies Help Top Female Earners?," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 7/2020, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    3. Biewen, Martin & Schwerter, Jakob, 2019. "Does More Math in High School Increase the Share of Female STEM Workers? Evidence from a Curriculum Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 12236, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Adamus, Magdalena & Mikušková, Eva Ballová, 2020. "Gender-based wage discrimination and the backlash effect in recruitment and dismissal processes Experimental evidence from Slovakia," OSF Preprints 4y6uc, Center for Open Science.
    5. Kiessling, Lukas & Pinger, Pia & Seegers, Philipp K. & Bergerhoff, Jan, 2019. "Gender Differences in Wage Expectations: Sorting, Children, and Negotiation Styles," IZA Discussion Papers 12522, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Kiessling, Lukas & Pinger, Pia & Seegers, Philipp K. & Bergerhoff, Jan, 2019. "Gender Differences in Wage Expectations: Sorting, Children, and Negotiation Styles," IZA Discussion Papers 12522, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Corekcioglu, Gozde & Francesconi, Marco & Kunze, Astrid, 2020. "Do Generous Parental Leave Policies Help Top Female Earners?," IZA Discussion Papers 13275, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Cozzi, Guido & Francesconi, Marco & Lundberg, Shelly & Mantovan, Noemi & Sauer, Robert M., 2018. "Advancing the economics of gender: New insights and a roadmap for the future," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 1-8.
    9. Combet, Benita & Oesch, Daniel, 2019. "The Gender Wage Gap Opens Long before Motherhood. Panel Evidence on Early Careers in Switzerland," SocArXiv sazxj, Center for Open Science.
    10. repec:cep:cverdp:032 is not listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    university graduates; field of study; gender wage gap; Germany;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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