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The Selection of High-Skilled Emigrants

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  • Netz, Nicolai
  • Parey, Matthias
  • Ruhose, Jens
  • Waldinger, Fabian

Abstract

We measure selection among high-skilled emigrants from Germany using predicted earnings. Migrants to less equal countries are positively selected relative to non-migrants, while migrants to more equal countries are negatively selected, consistent with the prediction in Borjas (1987). Positive selection to less equal countries reflects university quality and grades, and negative selection to more equal countries reflects university subject and gender. Migrants to the United States are highly positively selected and concentrated in STEM fields. Our results highlight the relevance of the Borjas model for high-skilled individuals when credit constraints and other migration barriers are unlikely to be binding.

Suggested Citation

  • Netz, Nicolai & Parey, Matthias & Ruhose, Jens & Waldinger, Fabian, 2017. "The Selection of High-Skilled Emigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 12403, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12403
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gilberto Antonelli & Sara Binassi & Giovanni Guidetti & Giulio Pedrini, 2016. "Assessing selection patterns and wage differential of high-skilled migrants. Evidence from the AlmaLaurea dataset on Italian graduates working abroad," Working Papers 76, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
    2. Francesconi, Marco & Parey, Matthias, 2018. "Early gender gaps among university graduates," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 63-82.
    3. Alexander Patt & Jens Ruhose & Simon Wiederhold & Miguel Flores, 2017. "International Emigrant Selection on Occupational Skills," CESifo Working Paper Series 6527, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Gabriel Felbermayr, 2016. "Seizing the Opportunity," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(3), pages 16-26, December.
    5. Corneo, Giacomo & Neidhöfer, Guido, 2019. "Income redistribution and self-selection of immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 13694, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Ismael Mourifie & Marc Henry & Romuald Meango, 2018. "Sharp Bounds And Testability Of A Roy Model Of Stem Major Choices," Working Papers tecipa-624, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    7. Krieger, Tim & Renner, Laura & Ruhose, Jens, 2018. "Long-term relatedness between countries and international migrant selection," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 35-54.
    8. Tim Krieger & Laura Renner & Jens Ruhose, 2015. "Genetic Distance and International Migrant Selection," CESifo Working Paper Series 5453, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00168-016-0749-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Besart Avdiu, 2018. "The Effect of Attitudes toward Migrants on Migrant Skill Composition," CESifo Working Paper Series 6919, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Jens Ruhose, 2015. "Microeconometric Analyses on Economic Consequences of Selective Migration," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 61.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    emigrants; high-skilled; migrant selection; migrants;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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