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La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso

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Listed:
  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Juan Camilo Chaparro

Abstract

Este trabajo hace uso de la Encuesta Mundial de Gallup de 2006, que contiene opiniones sobre satisfacción con diversos aspectos de la vida en 130 países. Aunque la relación entre satisfacción e ingreso que se encuentra es muy sólida (tanto entre países como entre individuos en los países), arrojando dudas sobre la conocida paradoja de Easterlin, surge una nueva paradoja: la del “crecimiento infeliz”, según la cual hay menos satisfacción en los países que crecen más rápido. Las pérdidas de satisfacción asociadas al crecimiento son más pronunciadas en los dominios materiales de la vida de las personas, y tienden a ser más fuertes en sociedades más ricas y más urbanas. A nivel individual, aunque ingresos más altos tienden a reflejarse en mayor satisfacción, el aumento del ingreso del grupo social al que pertenece el individuo produce el efecto contrario en las dimensiones materiales del bienestar. La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso documentada en este estudio tiene implicaciones de economía política. En particular, sugiere un mecanismo sencillo para explicar diversos rasgos característicos del populismo económico y social.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Lora & Juan Camilo Chaparro, 2008. "La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso," Research Department Publications 4600, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4600
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    File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-642&pub_file_name=pubWP-642_esp.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi & Knight, John, 2007. "Community, comparisons and subjective well-being in a divided society," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 69-90, September.
    2. Bruno Frey & Matthias Benz & Alois Stutzer, 2004. "Introducing Procedural Utility: Not Only What, but Also How Matters," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 160(3), pages 377-377, September.
    3. Erzo F. P. Luttmer, 2005. "Neighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(3), pages 963-1002.
    4. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4303, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. Alpizar, Francisco & Carlsson, Fredrik & Johansson-Stenman, Olof, 2005. "How much do we care about absolute versus relative income and consumption?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 405-421, March.
    6. William Easterly & Jozef Ritzen & Michael Woolcock, 2006. "Social Cohesion, Institutions, And Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 103-120, July.
    7. Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada, 2005. "Income and well-being: an empirical analysis of the comparison income effect," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 997-1019.
    8. Ed Diener & Ed Sandvik & Larry Seidlitz & Marissa Diener, 1993. "The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, pages 195-223.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pablo Gluzmann, 2013. "Bienestar subjetivo y crecimiento económico: analizando la paradoja del crecimiento infeliz en la Encuesta Mundial Gallup," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, pages 231-258.
    2. Ana I. Moro Egido & Maria Navarro & Ángeles Sánchez-Domínguez, 2017. "Changes in Subjective Well-Being Over Time in Germnay," ThE Papers 17/05, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy

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