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La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso

  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Juan Camilo Chaparro

Este trabajo hace uso de la Encuesta Mundial de Gallup de 2006, que contiene opiniones sobre satisfacción con diversos aspectos de la vida en 130 países. Aunque la relación entre satisfacción e ingreso que se encuentra es muy sólida (tanto entre países como entre individuos en los países), arrojando dudas sobre la conocida paradoja de Easterlin, surge una nueva paradoja: la del “crecimiento infeliz”, según la cual hay menos satisfacción en los países que crecen más rápido. Las pérdidas de satisfacción asociadas al crecimiento son más pronunciadas en los dominios materiales de la vida de las personas, y tienden a ser más fuertes en sociedades más ricas y más urbanas. A nivel individual, aunque ingresos más altos tienden a reflejarse en mayor satisfacción, el aumento del ingreso del grupo social al que pertenece el individuo produce el efecto contrario en las dimensiones materiales del bienestar. La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso documentada en este estudio tiene implicaciones de economía política. En particular, sugiere un mecanismo sencillo para explicar diversos rasgos característicos del populismo económico y social.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4600.

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Date of creation: Nov 2008
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4600
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  1. Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi & Knight, John, 2007. "Community, comparisons and subjective well-being in a divided society," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 69-90, September.
  2. Luttmer, Erzo F. P., 2004. "Neighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being," Working Paper Series rwp04-029, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  3. Alpizar, Francisco & Carlsson, Fredrik & Johansson-Stenman, Olof, 2001. "How Much Do We Care About Absolute Versus Relative Income and Consumption?," Working Papers in Economics 63, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  4. Ed Diener & Ed Sandvik & Larry Seidlitz & Marissa Diener, 1993. "The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 195-223, March.
  5. William Easterly & Jozef Ritzen & Michael Woolcock, 2006. "Social Cohesion, Institutions, And Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 103-120, 07.
  6. Bruno S. Frey & Matthias Benz & Alois Stutzer, 2003. "Introducing Procedural Utility: Not only What, but also How Matters," CREMA Working Paper Series 2003-02, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).
  7. Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada, 2005. "Income and well-being: an empirical analysis of the comparison income effect," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 997-1019, June.
  8. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4303, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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