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La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso

  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Juan Camilo Chaparro

Este trabajo hace uso de la Encuesta Mundial de Gallup de 2006, que contiene opiniones sobre satisfacción con diversos aspectos de la vida en 130 países. Aunque la relación entre satisfacción e ingreso que se encuentra es muy sólida (tanto entre países como entre individuos en los países), arrojando dudas sobre la conocida paradoja de Easterlin, surge una nueva paradoja: la del “crecimiento infeliz”, según la cual hay menos satisfacción en los países que crecen más rápido. Las pérdidas de satisfacción asociadas al crecimiento son más pronunciadas en los dominios materiales de la vida de las personas, y tienden a ser más fuertes en sociedades más ricas y más urbanas. A nivel individual, aunque ingresos más altos tienden a reflejarse en mayor satisfacción, el aumento del ingreso del grupo social al que pertenece el individuo produce el efecto contrario en las dimensiones materiales del bienestar. La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso documentada en este estudio tiene implicaciones de economía política. En particular, sugiere un mecanismo sencillo para explicar diversos rasgos característicos del populismo económico y social.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4600.

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Date of creation: Nov 2008
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4600
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  1. Alpizar, Francisco & Carlsson, Fredrik & Johansson-Stenman, Olof, 2001. "How Much Do We Care About Absolute Versus Relative Income and Consumption?," Working Papers in Economics 63, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  2. Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi & Knight, John, 2007. "Community, comparisons and subjective well-being in a divided society," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 69-90, September.
  3. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4301, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. Bruno S. Frey & Matthias Benz & Alois Stutzer, . "Introducing Procedural Utility: Not only What, but also How Matters," IEW - Working Papers 129, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  5. Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada, 2005. "Income and well-being: an empirical analysis of the comparison income effect," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 997-1019, June.
  6. Erzo F. P. Luttmer, 2005. "Neighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(3), pages 963-1002.
  7. William Easterly & Jozef Ritzan & Michael Woolcock, 2006. "Social Cohesion, Institutions, and Growth," Working Papers 94, Center for Global Development.
  8. Ed Diener & Ed Sandvik & Larry Seidlitz & Marissa Diener, 1993. "The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 195-223, March.
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