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Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Betriebe und Unternehmen

Author

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  • Bossler, Mario

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Gürtzgen, Nicole

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Lochner, Benjamin

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Betzl, Ute

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Feist, Lisa

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Wegmann, Jakob

Abstract

"In this research report, we analyze various effects of the German minimum wage introduction for 2015 and 2016, using establishment-level data from the IAB-Establishment Panel. The outcomes of interest are several aspects of labor demand, establishments' productivity and profitability, as well as investments in physical and human capital. In the analyses concerning establishment-level adjustments in bordering regions of eastern Germany, we observe a slight increase in the incidence of working time and price adjustments among affected establishments. Looking at establishment-level employment adjustments, we estimate effects from differences-in-differences and observe that 46.000 to 59.000 additional jobs would have been created in the absence of the minimum wage. We also find some weak evidence for a reduction in employee turnover and a slight lagged increase in the use of freelancers in 2016. Descriptive time series show a reduction in the number of internships, which could be explained by the minimum wage but also by improving labor market conditions. We do not observe any effects on labor productivity or the employers' perceived competitive pressure. However, the difference-in-difference estimation shows a small reduction in the affected employers' expected transaction volume in 2015. Additionally, we find a slight increase in the likelihood of losses, but barely any hints for effects on establishment closure. When we analyze effects of the minimum wage on profits, we observe a reduction, although imprecisely estimated. This reduction can be fully explained by the minimum wage induced increase in wage costs. We do not observe an effect on investments in physical capital. When we look at investments in human capital, we neither observe effects on the number of apprentice positions nor the number of hired apprentices. However, when we look at further training, some of our regressions point to a slight reduction, especially when the training is financed by the employer." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Bossler, Mario & Gürtzgen, Nicole & Lochner, Benjamin & Betzl, Ute & Feist, Lisa & Wegmann, Jakob, 2018. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Betriebe und Unternehmen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201804, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabfob:201804
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    1. Bossler, Mario & Gürtzgen, Nicole & Lochner, Benjamin & Betzl, Ute & Feist, Lisa & Wegmann, Jakob, 2018. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Betriebe und Unternehmen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201804, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Bachmann, Ronald & Bonin, Holger & Boockmann, Bernhard & Demir, Gökay & Felder, Rahel & Isphording, Ingo & Kalweit, René & Laub, Natalie & Vonnahme, Christina & Zimpelmann, Christian, 2020. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Löhne und Arbeitszeiten: Studie im Auftrag der Mindestlohnkommission," RWI Projektberichte, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, number 222998.
    3. Bonin, Holger & Pestel, Nico, 2020. "Der Mindestlohn birgt nach wie vor Beschäftigungsrisiken," IZA Standpunkte 98, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Bossler, Mario & Gürtzgen, Nicole & Lochner, Benjamin & Betzl, Ute & Feist, Lisa, 2018. "The German minimum wage: Effects on business expectations, profitability, and investments," FAU Discussion Papers in Economics 13/2018, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute for Economics.
    5. Bonin Holger & Isphording Ingo E. & Krause-Pilatus Annabelle & Pestel Nico & Rinne Ulf & Lichter Andreas, 2020. "The German Statutory Minimum Wage and Its Effects on Regional Employment and Unemployment," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 240(2-3), pages 295-319, April.
    6. Mr. Christian H Ebeke & La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul & Ms. Yu Shi & Florian Misch & Mr. Davide Malacrino & Koralai Kirabaeva & Hyun Woo Park & Ms. Enrica Detragiache, 2020. "A European Minimum Wage: Implications for Poverty and Macroeconomic Imbalances," IMF Working Papers 2020/059, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Pestel, Nico & Bonin, Holger & Isphording, Ingo E. & Gregory, Terry & Caliendo, Marco, 2020. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Beschäftigung und Arbeitslosigkeit," IZA Research Reports 95, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Arne Heise, 2019. "The resilience of modern neoclassical economics – a case study in the light of Ludwik Fleck’s ‘harmony of deception’," The Journal of Philosophical Economics, Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, The Journal of Philosophical Economics, vol. 13(1), pages 1-18, November.
    9. Bossler Mario & Gürtzgen Nicole & Betzl Ute & Feist Lisa & Lochner Benjamin, 2020. "The German Minimum Wage: Effects on Productivity, Profitability, and Investments," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 240(2-3), pages 321-350, April.
    10. Koch, Andreas & Kirchmann, Andrea & Reiner, Marcel & Scheu, Tobias & Zühlke, Anne & Bonin, Holger, 2020. "Verhaltensmuster von Betrieben und Beschäftigten im Kontext des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns," IZA Research Reports 97, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Bachmann, Ronald & Bonin, Holger & Boockmann, Bernhard & Demir, Gökay & Felder, Rahel & Isphording, Ingo E. & Kalweit, René & Laub, Natalie & Vonnahme, Christina & Zimpelmann, Christian, 2020. "Auswirkungen des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns auf Löhne und Arbeitszeiten," IZA Research Reports 96, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. repec:ces:ifodic:v:16:y:2019:i:4:p:50000000004802 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Mario Bossler & Joachim Möller, 2019. "The Effects of the Compulsory Minimum Wage in Germany," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 16(04), pages 14-18, January.

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    4. Bossler Mario & Gürtzgen Nicole & Betzl Ute & Feist Lisa & Lochner Benjamin, 2020. "The German Minimum Wage: Effects on Productivity, Profitability, and Investments," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 240(2-3), pages 321-350, April.
    5. Mario Bossler & Hans-Dieter Gerner, 2020. "Employment Effects of the New German Minimum Wage: Evidence from Establishment-Level Microdata," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 73(5), pages 1070-1094, October.
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