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The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform

Author

Listed:
  • Caliendo, Marco

    () (University of Potsdam)

  • Fedorets, Alexandra

    () (DIW Berlin)

  • Preuß, Malte

    () (Freie Universität Berlin)

  • Schröder, Carsten

    () (DIW Berlin)

  • Wittbrodt, Linda

    () (University of Potsdam)

Abstract

This study quantifies the short-term distributional effects of the new statutory minimum wage in Germany. Using detailed survey data (German Socio-Economic Panel), we assess changes in the distributions of hourly wages, contractual and actual working hours, and monthly earnings. Our descriptive results indicate growth at the bottom of the hourly wage distribution in the post-reform year, but also considerable noncompliance among eligible employees. In a second step, we employ a difference-in-differences analysis and exploit regional variation in the "bite" of the intervention, measured by the share of employees in a geographical region with wages below the minimum wage prior to the reform. We document the reform's positive effect at the bottom of the wage distribution. However, we find a negative effect of the reform on contractual hours worked, which explains why there is no effect on monthly earnings. Given that actual hours worked decrease less than contractual hours, our evidence suggests an increase in unpaid overtime.

Suggested Citation

  • Caliendo, Marco & Fedorets, Alexandra & Preuß, Malte & Schröder, Carsten & Wittbrodt, Linda, 2017. "The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 11246, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11246
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Caliendo, Marco & Fedorets, Alexandra & Preuß, Malte & Schröder, Carsten & Wittbrodt, Linda, 2017. "The Short-Run Employment Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 11190, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Bargain, Olivier & Doorley, Karina & Van Kerm, Philippe, 2018. "Minimum Wages and the Gender Gap in Pay: New Evidence from the UK and Ireland," IZA Discussion Papers 11502, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Filiz Gülal & Adam Ayaita, 2018. "The Impact of Minimum Wages on Well-Being: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 969, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    4. Alexandra Fedorets & Alexey Filatov & Cortnie Shupe, 2018. "Great Expectations: Reservation Wages and the Minimum Wage Reform," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 968, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    minimum wage; wage distribution; hourly wages; inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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