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Regional Geographic Research and Development Spillovers and Economic Growth: Evidence from West Germany


  • Michael Funke
  • Annekatrin Niebuhr


Funke M. and Niebuhr A. (2005) Regional geographic research and development spillovers and economic growth: evidence from West Germany, Regional Studies39, 143-153. The paper is based on recent theoretical writings in growth economics that emphasise the effects of both own research and development efforts and of interregional technology spillovers on regions' productivity. It proposes robust estimation techniques to evaluate the research and development spillovers across West German functional regions between 1976 and 1996. The findings suggest the existence of knowledge spillovers across functional regional boundaries. Moreover, significant spillovers are mainly found among geographically close regions. This finding confirms the hypothesis that proximity matters. Funke M. et Niebuhr A. (2005) Les retombees geographiques regionales de la R et D: des preuves provenant de l'Allemagne, Regional Studies39, 143-153. L'article porte sur des oeuvres theoriques recentes dans le domaine de l'economie de croissance qui soulignent les effets et des actions regionales en faveur de la R et D, et des retombees technologiques interregionales, sur la productivite des regions. On propose des techniques d'estimation robustes pour evaluer les retombees de la R et D a travers les regions fonctionnelles de 1976 a 1996. Les resultats laissent supposer la presence des retombees de connaissance a travers les frontieres des regions fonctionnelles. Qui plus est, des retombees non-negligeables sont a trouver principalement dans les regions limitrophes. Ce resultat vient a l'appui de l'hypothese qui prone l'importance de la notion de proximite. Funke M. und Niebuhr A. (2005) Regionale geographische Forschungs-und Entwicklungsverbreitung und Wirtschaftswachstum: Empirische Ergebnisse fu r Westdeutschland, Regional Studies39, 143-153. Dieser Aufsatz stutzt sich auf kurzlich erschienene theoretische Veroffentlichungen zum Wirtschaftswachstum, welche sowohl die Auswirkungen der eigenen Forschungs-und Entwicklungsanstrengungen als auch die interregionalen technologischen Auswirkungen auf die Leistungsfahigkeit von Regionen betonen. Die Autoren schlagen robuste Berechnungsverfahren zur Schatzung der Forschungs-und Entwicklungsauswirkungen in allen funktionsfahigen Regionen Westdeutschlands im Zeitraum 1976-1996 vor. Die Befunde deuten auf Wissensauswirkungen uber funktionale Regionalgrenzen hinweg hin. Daruberhinaus werden bedeutende Auswirkungen hauptsachlich in geographisch benachbarten Regionen angetroffen. Die Befunde bestatigen die Hypothese, dass raumliche Nahe von Bedeutung ist. Funke M. y Niebuhr A. (2005) Efectos de arrastre (spillovers) de investigacion y desarrollo (I&D) regionales y crecimiento economico - evidencia para Alemania del oeste, Regional Studies39, 143-153. Este articulo se basa en la literatura reciente sobre la economia del crecimiento que destaca como los esfuerzos de I&D y los efectos de arrastre tecnologicos inter-regionales afectan la productividad de las regiones. Proponemos una seria de tecnicas robustas de estimacion para evaluar los efectos de arrastre de I&D a traves de las regiones funcionales de Alemania del oeste durante el periodo 1976-1996. Los resultados obtenidos apuntan a la existencia de efectos de arrastre del conocimiento a traves de los limites funcionales de dichas regiones. Asimismo, los efectos de arrastre mas significativos se encuentran principalmente en aquellas regiones que estan geograficamente proximas entre si. Este resultado confirma la hipotesis de que la proximidad es importante.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Funke & Annekatrin Niebuhr, 2005. "Regional Geographic Research and Development Spillovers and Economic Growth: Evidence from West Germany," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 143-153.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:39:y:2005:i:1:p:143-153
    DOI: 10.1080/0034340052000321904

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    1. Liliana Araújo & Sandra T. Silva & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2013. "Knowledge spillovers and economic performance of firms located in depressed areas: does geographical proximity matter?," FEP Working Papers 488, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    2. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Forms and regional distribution of knowledge transfer by German universities," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    3. Kuo, Chun-Chien & Yang, Chih-Hai, 2008. "Knowledge capital and spillover on regional economic growth: Evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 594-604, December.
    4. Ana Paula Faria & Natália Barbosa & Vasco Eiriz, 2013. "Firms’ innovation across regions: an exploratory study," NIPE Working Papers 12/2013, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    5. Piekkola, Hannu, 2006. "Tax cuts and employment: Evidence from Finnish linked employer-employee data," Discussion Papers 1041, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    6. Ana Paula Faria & Natália Barbosa & Vasco Eiriz, 2015. "Firm Innovation and Co-Location in Portugal," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(4), pages 574-592, December.
    7. Marco Caliendo & Alexandra Fedorets & Malte Preuss & Carsten Schröder & Linda Wittbrodt, 2017. "The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 948, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    8. Eckey, Hans-Friedrich & Döring, Thomas & Türck, Matthias, 2006. "Convergence of regions from 23 EU member states," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 86, University of Kassel, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    9. Bekkerman, Anton & Gilpin, Gregory, 2013. "High-speed Internet growth and the demand for locally accessible information content," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 1-10.
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    11. Gerlach, Andrea & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2005. "Formen und regionale Verteilung des Wissenstransfers von Hochschulen: Eine repräsentative Fallstudie für Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2005,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    12. Stilianos Alexiadis & Alexandros Alexandrakis, 2008. "Threshold Conditions and Regional Convergence in European Agriculture," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 1(2), pages 13-37, December.
    13. Ouyang, Puman & Fu, Shihe, 2012. "Economic growth, local industrial development and inter-regional spillovers from foreign direct investment: Evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 445-460.
    14. Thönnessen, Rasmus, 2014. "Human capital externalities vs. substitution effects as determinants of regional wages: Evidence from German micro data," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100345, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    15. Alexiadis, Stilianos & Eleftheriou, Konstantinos, 2011. "Health is wealth: an empirical note across the US states," MPRA Paper 33517, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Rafael Boix & José Luis Hervás-Oliver & Blanca De Miguel-Molina, 2013. "“I want creative neighbours”. Do creative service industries spillovers cross regional boundaries?," Working Papers 1315, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
    17. Maza, Adolfo & Villaverde, José & Hierro, María, 2014. "Should cohesion policy focus on fostering R&D? Evidence from Spain," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 29, pages 139-164.
    18. Raimund Krumm & Harald Strotmann, 2013. "The impact of regional location factors on job creation, job destruction and employment growth in manufacturing," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 33(1), pages 23-48, February.
    19. Alexandra Tsvetkova & Jean-Claude Thill & Deborah Strumsky, 2014. "Metropolitan innovation, firm size, and business survival in a high-tech industry," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 661-676, October.
    20. Steven Yamarik, 2006. "Solow and the states: New evidence," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(6), pages 571-582.
    21. Raimund Krumm & Harald Strotmann, 2010. "The Impact of Regional Supply and Demand Conditions on Job Creation and Destruction," IAW Discussion Papers 61, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
    22. Olof Ejermo & Urban Gråsjö, 2014. "Accessibility to R&D: a re-examination of the consequences for invention and innovation," Chapters,in: Knowledge, Innovation and Space, chapter 3, pages 51-79 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    23. Kolympiris, Christos & Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas & Miller, Douglas, 2011. "Spatial collocation and venture capital in the US biotechnology industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1188-1199.


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