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Der flächendeckende Mindestlohn

Author

Listed:
  • Knabe Andreas

    () (Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg)

  • Schöb Ronnie

    () (Freie Universität Berlin, CESifo, ifo Dresden)

  • Thum Marcel

    () (Technische Universität Dresden, CESifo, ifo Dresden)

Abstract

Die Einführung des flächendeckenden gesetzlichen Mindestlohns von 8,50 Euro ist ein großes, mit vielen sozialpolitischen Risiken verbundenes Experiment. Dieser Übersichtsartikel zeigt, dass weder die unterschiedlichen theoretischen Erklärungsmodelle noch die große Anzahl empirischer Arbeiten aus anderen Ländern die Hoffnung rechtfertigen, der Mindestlohn würde in Deutschland nicht zu substantiellen Beschäftigungsverlusten führen. Unsere Simulationsrechnung zeigt, dass bei einem Mindestlohn von 8,50 Euro - unabhängig vom unterstellten Arbeitsmarktszenario - substantielle Beschäftigungsverluste drohen. Besonders stark betroffen sind die heutigen Aufstocker, die von der Mindestlohnerhöhung kaum etwas mit nach Hause nehmen können, aber in Zukunft einem ungleich höheren Arbeitsplatzrisiko ausgesetzt sind. Diese Befunde lassen zweifeln, dass die Politik mit dem Mindestlohn ihre erklärten Ziele einer erhöhten Verteilungsgerechtigkeit und der Entlastung der öffentlichen Haushalte erreichen kann.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Knabe Andreas & Schöb Ronnie & Thum Marcel, 2014. "Der flächendeckende Mindestlohn," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 15(2), pages 133-157, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:pewipo:v:15:y:2014:i:2:p:133-157:n:4
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    Cited by:

    1. Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich & Schultz, Birgit, 2017. "The minimum wage effects on skilled crafts sector in Saxony-Anhalt," IWH Discussion Papers 31/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    2. Robert Lehmann & Joachim Ragnitz & Michael Weber, 2015. "Mindestlohn in Ostdeutschland: Firmen planen Preiserhöhungen und Personalabbau," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 22(01), pages 40-42, February.
    3. repec:zbw:rwipos:058 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Steffen Henzel & Kira Engelhardt, 2014. "Arbeitsmarkteffekte des flächendeckenden Mindestlohns in Deutschland – eine Sensitivitätsanalyse," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 67(10), pages 23-29, May.
    5. Pies, Ingo, 2014. "Die Gerechtigkeitsdebatte in Deutschland: Diskursversagen beim Mindestlohn," Discussion Papers 2014-18, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Chair of Economic Ethics.
    6. Arni, Patrick & Eichhorst, Werner & Spermann, Alexander & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2014. "Mindestlohnevaluation jetzt und nicht erst 2020," IZA Standpunkte 70, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Andreas Knabe & Ronnie Schöb & Marcel Thum, 2014. "Internationale Vergleiche beim Mindestlohn," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 21(04), pages 34-35, August.
    8. Andreas Knabe & Christine Lücke & Ronnie Schöb & Marcel Thum & Lars Vandrei & Michael Weber, 2014. "Regionale Beschäftigungseffekte des Mindestlohns im Freistaat Sachsen," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 21(05), pages 03-12, October.
    9. Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung (ed.), 2015. "Zukunftsfähigkeit in den Mittelpunkt. Jahresgutachten 2015/16," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201516, April.
    10. Kriehn, Claudia, 2014. "Konsequenzen des Mindestlohns für Arbeitgeber und Arbeitnehmer in der Landwirtschaft: Hypothesen und Datenlage," Thünen Working Papers 37, Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries.
    11. Joachim Möller & Karl Brenke & Gert Wagner & Thorsten Schulten & Gustav Horn & Hagen Lesch & Alexander Mayer & Lisa Schmid & Patrick Arni & Werner Eichhorst & Alexander Spermann & Klaus Zimmermann, 2014. "Das Mindestlohngesetz — Hoffnungen und Befürchtungen," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 94(6), pages 387-406, June.
    12. Pies, Ingo, 2014. "Der ordonomische Ansatz: Eine Illustration am Beispiel des Mindestlohns," Discussion Papers 2014-17, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Chair of Economic Ethics.
    13. Pies, Ingo, 2015. "Diskurs mit Schieflage: Eine ordnungsethische Nachbetrachtung der Mindeslohndebatte," Discussion Papers 2015-2, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Chair of Economic Ethics.
    14. Roland Döhrn, 2014. "Falsche Hoffnungen. Der Mindestlohn gibt kaum Impulse für die Konjunktur," RWI Positionen, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 8, 04.
    15. Schäfer, Holger & Schmidt, Jörg, 2014. "Einstieg in Arbeit: Die Rolle der Arbeitsmarktregulierung. Gutachten im Auftrag der INSM," IW policy papers 15/2014, Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln (IW) / Cologne Institute for Economic Research.
    16. repec:fan:ecaqec:v:html10.3280/ecag2017-001002 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Berthold, Norbert & Coban, Mustafa, 2015. "Mindestlöhne und Lohnsubventionen: Interaktionseffekte in den USA und in Deutschland
      [Minimum Wages and Wage Subsidies: Interaction Effects on Employment in the US and Germany]
      ," Discussion Paper Series 129, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    18. Bellmann, Lutz & Bossler, Mario & Dummert, Sandra & Ostmeier, Esther, 2017. "Mindestlohn: Längsschnittstudie für sächsische Betriebe," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201707, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    19. Bossler, Mario, 2016. "Employment expectations and uncertainties ahead of the new German minimum wage," IAB Discussion Paper 201603, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    20. Döhrn, Roland, 2014. "Falsche Hoffnungen: Der Mindestlohn gibt kaum Impulse für die Konjunktur," RWI Positionen 58, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.

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    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs

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