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Labor market effects of urban riots : an experimental assessment

Author

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  • Emmanuel Duguet

    () (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • David Gray

    (uOttawa - University of Ottawa [Ottawa])

  • Yannick l'Horty

    () (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Loic Du Parquet

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Pascale Petit

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

Abstract

We measure the effects of urban riots on the labour market prospects of workers in the case of the French riots of 2007. The town of Villiers‐le‐Bel is our treatment unit while two other towns serve as control groups, Sarcelles and Enghien‐les‐Bains. Using the technique of correspondence testing, we are able to discern disparities in call‐back rates for fictitious candidates who respond to actual job postings over four dimensions: gender, ethnic origin, locality of residence (advantaged vs. disadvantaged), and the degree of media exposure during the riots. We implement an empirical approach to measure discrimination across several dimensions that integrates a set of relevant parameters into one unified system of equations. We find statistically significant negative estimates of a media exposure effect. People residing in the area which received negative publicity were 3.2 percentage points less likely to receive a callback. The group of workers who tend to be the most associated with the riots, namely, men of North African origin (at least in terms of perceptions), are the least affected by potential discrimination by region of residence, while women of French origin are the most affected. Se miden los efectos de los disturbios urbanos en las perspectivas del mercado laboral de los trabajadores en el caso de los disturbios franceses de 2007. La ciudad de Villiers‐le‐Bel es nuestra unidad de tratamiento, mientras que otras dos ciudades, Sarcelles y Enghien‐les‐Bains, sirven como grupos de control. Mediante el empleo de la técnica de prueba de correspondencia se ha podido discernir las disparidades en las tasas de respuesta de los candidatos ficticios que responden a puestos de trabajo reales respecto a cuatro dimensiones: género, origen étnico, localidad de residencia (favorecidos vs. desfavorecidos), y grado de exposición a los medios de comunicación durante los disturbios. Se implementó un enfoque empírico para medir la discriminación en varias dimensiones, el cuál
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Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Duguet & David Gray & Yannick l'Horty & Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2018. "Labor market effects of urban riots : an experimental assessment," Working Papers halshs-01878480, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01878480
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01878480
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick l'Horty & Rémi Le Gall & Pascale Petit, 2018. "How does labour market history influence the access to hiring interviews?," Post-Print hal-01827450, HAL.
    2. Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Hiring discrimination against women: distinguishing taste based discrimination from statistical discrimination," TEPP Working Paper 2017-11, TEPP.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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