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Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment

Author

Listed:
  • Mathieu Bunel

    (Université de Bourgogne, CREM (UMR 6211) TEPP (FR 3435), France)

  • Yannick L’Horty

    (Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE, UPEC, UPEM et TEPP (FR 3435), France)

  • Pascale Petit

    (Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE, UPEC, UPEM et TEPP (FR 3435), France)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assess the degree of employment discrimination against young people according to their place of residence. We considered several spatial scales in order to measure the effect of the reputation of the administrative department or county, the town or municipality and of the local neighbourhood. The evaluation is performed using correspondence test data carried out between October 2011 and February 2012. We studied 2988 candidacies that were submitted to 498 job offers (waiters and cooks) within the restaurant industry and located in the Paris area. Statistical and econometric results pointed out that resident effect is significant and important in magnitude: a good address can triple the chances of being invited to a job interview.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L’Horty & Pascale Petit, 2016. "Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 53(2), pages 267-286, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:53:y:2016:i:2:p:267-286
    DOI: 10.1177/0042098014563470
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Elsa Personnaz & Arthur Félix W. Sawadogo, 2023. "Inégalités territoriales dans l'accès à l'alternance : le cas des jeunes des QPV," Post-Print halshs-04134306, HAL.
    2. Yannick L'Horty & Mathieu Bunel & Pascale Petit, 2019. "Testing for redlining in the labour market," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 153-173, April.
    3. Emmanuel Duguet & David Gray & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2020. "Labour market effects of urban riots: An experimental assessment," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 787-806, June.
    4. Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Identifying preference-based discrimination in rental market: A field experiment in Paris," TEPP Working Paper 2017-06, TEPP.
    5. Valfort, Marie-Anne, 2020. "Anti-Muslim discrimination in France: Evidence from a field experiment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
    6. Julie Le Gallo & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les discriminations dans l’accès au logement en France : Un testing de couverture nationale," TEPP Research Report 2017-11, TEPP.
    7. Mikula Štěpán & Reggiani Tommaso, 2022. "Residential-Based Discrimination in the Labor Market," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 22(2), pages 373-388, April.
    8. Souleymane Mbaye, 2019. "Trois évaluations d’actions de lutte contre les discriminations," Erudite Ph.D Dissertations, Erudite, number ph19-01 edited by Pascale Petit, December.
    9. Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2019. "Discrimination à l’embauche : Ce que nous apprennent deux décennies de testings en France," TEPP Research Report 2019-01, TEPP.
    10. Sylvain Chareyron & Laetitia Challe & Yannick L’Horty & Pascale Petit, 2022. "Can subsidies paid directly to employers reduce residential discrimination in employment? An assessment based on serial field experiments," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 59(6), pages 1202-1218, May.
    11. Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les discriminations dans l’accès au logement à Paris : Une expérience contrôlée," TEPP Research Report 2017-01, TEPP.
    12. Leen Vandecasteele & Anette Eva Fasang, 2021. "Neighbourhoods, networks and unemployment: The role of neighbourhood disadvantage and local networks in taking up work," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 58(4), pages 696-714, March.
    13. Magnus Carlsson & Stefan Eriksson, 2023. "Do employers avoid hiring workers from poor neighborhoods? Experimental evidence from the real labor market," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 125(2), pages 376-402, April.
    14. Sylvain Chareyron & Laetitia Challe & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2020. "The failure of the “Emplois Francs” scheme: evaluation with repeated testing," Erudite Working Paper 2020-02, Erudite.
    15. Ayira Korem, 2019. "Young or adult: who has more chance to find a job in Togo?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(3), pages 1898-1911.
    16. Sylvain Chareyron & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit & Souleymane Mbaye, 2019. "Mesurer l’impact d’un courrier d’alerte sur les discriminations liées à l’origine," Working Papers hal-02333840, HAL.
    17. Nathalie Greenan & Joseph Lanfranchi & Yannick L'Horty & Mathieu Narcy & Guillaume Pierne, 2018. "Do Competitive Examinations Promote Diversity in Civil Service?," Post-Print halshs-02156947, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrimination; employment; experiment; neighbourhood; testing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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