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Les Discriminations Dans L'Acces Au Logement A Paris : Une Experience Controlee

Author

Listed:
  • Mathieu Bunel

    (LEDi - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dijon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UB - Université de Bourgogne)

  • Yannick L'Horty

    () (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Loïc Du Parquet

    (GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université)

  • Pascale Petit

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

Abstract

Nous mesurons les discriminations liées à l’origine dans l’accès au logement du parc locatif privé parisien à l’aide d’un protocole expérimental qui nous permet de façon très simple d’identifier les causes des discriminations (préférences des loueurs ou imperfection de l’information). Entre début avril et fin mai 2016, nous avons envoyé quatre messages sollicitant la visite d’un logement en réponse à 504 annonces immobilières, ce qui, au total, correspond à l’envoi de 2016 messages. Deux de nos individus fictifs signalent par leur patronyme une origine française, les deux autres suggèrent une origine maghrébine. Au sein de chaque paire de candidats de même origine, un individu envoie un signal de stabilité financière et professionnelle en indiquant explicitement qu’il est fonctionnaire. L’autre individu, en revanche, ne fournit aucune information sur sa situation. L’étude consiste à exploiter statistiquement les réponses à ces messages. Nous montrons que les discriminations à l’encontre des individus d’origine maghrébine sont très fortes dans l’accès au logement parisien et qu’elles ne sont pas liées à la fragilité financière supposée des individus. Relativement à l’individu d’origine française de référence, l’individu d’origine maghrébine perd un tiers de chances de recevoir une issue favorable à sa demande de visite s’il ne donne aucune information sur sa situation et encore un cinquième s’il précise qu’il est fonctionnaire, alors qu’un individu d’origine française voit presque ses chances tripler lorsqu’il indique être fonctionnaire.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les Discriminations Dans L'Acces Au Logement A Paris : Une Experience Controlee," Working Papers halshs-01521995, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01521995
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01521995
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    1. Julie Le Gallo & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les discriminations dans l’accès au logement en France : Un testing de couverture nationale," TEPP Research Report 2017-11, TEPP.

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    Keywords

    discrimination; logement; Paris;

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