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Les Discriminations Dans L'Acces Au Logement A Paris : Une Experience Controlee

Author

Listed:
  • Mathieu Bunel

    (LEDi - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dijon - UB - Université de Bourgogne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Yannick l'Horty

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Loic Du Parquet

    (GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université)

  • Pascale Petit

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

Abstract

Nous mesurons les discriminations liées à l'origine dans l'accès au logement du parc locatif privé parisien à l'aide d'un protocole expérimental qui nous permet de façon très simple d'identifier les causes des discriminations (préférences des loueurs ou imperfection de l'information). Entre début avril et fin mai 2016, nous avons envoyé quatre messages sollicitant la visite d'un logement en réponse à 504 annonces immobilières, ce qui, au total, correspond à l'envoi de 2016 messages. Deux de nos individus fictifs signalent par leur patronyme une origine française, les deux autres suggèrent une origine maghrébine. Au sein de chaque paire de candidats de même origine, un individu envoie un signal de stabilité financière et professionnelle en indiquant explicitement qu'il est fonctionnaire. L'autre individu, en revanche, ne fournit aucune information sur sa situation. L'étude consiste à exploiter statistiquement les réponses à ces messages. Nous montrons que les discriminations à l'encontre des individus d'origine maghrébine sont très fortes dans l'accès au logement parisien et qu'elles ne sont pas liées à la fragilité financière supposée des individus. Relativement à l'individu d'origine française de référence, l'individu d'origine maghrébine perd un tiers de chances de recevoir une issue favorable à sa demande de visite s'il ne donne aucune information sur sa situation et encore un cinquième s'il précise qu'il est fonctionnaire, alors qu'un individu d'origine française voit presque ses chances tripler lorsqu'il indique être fonctionnaire.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Bunel & Yannick l'Horty & Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les Discriminations Dans L'Acces Au Logement A Paris : Une Experience Controlee," Working Papers halshs-01521995, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01521995
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

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    2. Sander WAGNER & Ivaylo D. PETEV, 2019. "The Economic Penalty of Terrorism: Increase in Discrimination Against Arabs and Muslims after Paris Attacks," Working Papers 2019-22, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    3. Haley McAvay, 2018. "How Durable Are Ethnoracial Segregation and Spatial Disadvantage? Intergenerational Contextual Mobility in France," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 55(4), pages 1507-1545, August.
    4. Flage, Alexandre, 2018. "Ethnic and gender discrimination in the rental housing market: Evidence from a meta-analysis of correspondence tests, 2006–2017," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 251-273.
    5. Julie Le Gallo & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les discriminations dans l’accès au logement en France : Un testing de couverture nationale," TEPP Research Report 2017-11, TEPP.
    6. Alexandre Flage, 2018. "Ethnic and Gender Discrimination in Rental Housing Market, Evidence from Meta-Analysis of Correspondence Tests, 2006-2017," Working Papers 2018-04, CRESE.
    7. Souleymane Mbaye, 2019. "Trois évaluations d’actions de lutte contre les discriminations," Erudite Ph.D Dissertations, Erudite, number ph19-01 edited by Pascale Petit, November.
    8. Laetitia Challe & Julie Le Gallo & Yannick l'Horty & Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2019. "Parent isolé recherche appartement : discriminations dans l’accès au logement et configuration familiale à Paris," Working Papers hal-02334148, HAL.
    9. Sylvain Chareyron & Yannick l'Horty & Pascale Petit & Souleymane Mbaye, 2019. "Mesurer l’impact d’un courrier d’alerte sur les discriminations liées à l’origine," Working Papers hal-02333840, HAL.

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    Keywords

    discrimination; logement; Paris;
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