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Discriminations A L'Embauche Des Jeunes Franciliens Et Intersectionalite Du Sexe Et De L'Origine: Les Resultats D'Un Testing

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  • Pascale Petit

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, EPEE - Centre d'Etudes des Politiques Economiques - UEVE - Université d'Évry-Val-d'Essonne)

  • Emmanuel Duguet

    () (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Yannick L'Horty

    () (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Loïc Du Parquet

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université)

  • Florent Sari

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

Abstract

Discrimination in hiring against certain demographic subgroups can be an explanatory factor of the high levels of unemployment in those groups. The present study proposes an evaluation of the cross effects of gender and ethnic origin on the access to employment of fictitious candidates with identical productive characteristics. This study is based on our own experimental data obtained by the paired testing method. We made up 8 fictitious job applications from young graduates with a master's degree in computing, and sent them simultaneously to the same 303 job offers between the beginning of February and the beginning of April 2009. The only differences between these fictitious candidates were their sex and their ethnic origin, as signalled by their first and last names (French, Senegalese, Moroccan and Vietnamese). We find a significant hiring discrimination both by gender and origin. Whatever their origin, women have a lower probability to access a job interview than men. Whatever their sex, the French of foreign origin have a lower probability to access a job interview. This is true for all profiles with one exception: women of Asian origin. They have a higher probability than other women to be invited to an interview and they also have a higher probability than men of Asian origin to find work. We propose an interpretation based on occupational stereotypes.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascale Petit & Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc Du Parquet & Florent Sari, 2011. "Discriminations A L'Embauche Des Jeunes Franciliens Et Intersectionalite Du Sexe Et De L'Origine: Les Resultats D'Un Testing," Working Papers halshs-00744923, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00744923 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00744923
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yannick L’Horty & Pascale Petit, 2011. "Evaluation aléatoire et expérimentations sociales," Revue française d'économie, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 13-48.
    2. Luc Behaghel & Bruno Crépon & Marc Gurgand, 2009. "Evaluation d'impact de l'accompagnement des demandeurs d'emploi par les Opérateurs Privés de Placement et le programme Cap Vers l'Entreprise," PSE Working Papers halshs-00754917, HAL.
    3. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2009. "The Experimental Approach to Development Economics," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 1(1), pages 151-178, May.
    4. Gary Burtless, 1995. "The Case for Randomized Field Trials in Economic and Policy Research," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 63-84, Spring.
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    Cited by:

    1. ENE Emilia, 2012. "Hiring discrimination of young people in the Paris area :," EcoMod2012 4423, EcoMod.
    2. Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Les discriminations dans l’accès au logement à Paris : Une expérience contrôlée," TEPP Research Report 2017-01, TEPP.
    3. Emilia Ene Jones, 2013. "Discrimination à l'embauche des jeunes en Île-de-France : un diplôme plus élevé compense-t-il une origine maghrébine ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 464(1), pages 173-188.
    4. Mathieu Bunel & Samuel Gorohouna & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit & Catherine Ris, 2016. "Discriminations Ethniques Dans L’Acces Au Logement: Une Experimentation En Nouvelle-Caledonie," Working Papers halshs-01374442, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender; origin; hiring discrimination; field experiment; genre; origine; discrimination à l'embauche; testing;

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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