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Hiring discrimination of young people in the Paris area :

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  • ENE Emilia

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the results of a test of the access to interviews of young men of French and North African origin in order to highlight the possible existence and extent of discriminatory practices against persons of foreign origin (North African). We innovate by the fact that we have voluntarily increased the productive characteristics of one of the candidates compared to the other candidates, conducted to enhance its chances of employment. The method of "testing" is a suitable method that enables us to collect data using a controlled experiment and to compare the access to employment interviews of different candidates by sending job applications that are equivalent (with the exception of the variable to test) to job offers. Using the “testing” method,we constructed three profiles of job seekers: two young men of North African origin and a young man of French origin. We have deliberately increased the productive characteristics of one of the two candidates of North African origin compared to the other candidates. We sent 441 applications in response to 147 job opportunities in the Paris area between late July - late August 2010. The results reveal discriminatory practices against the candidates of North African origin. These practices are only slightly offset by a higher education as the candidate most qualified of North African origin has less access to job interviews that the French candidate, but more than the other candidate of North African origin. We interpret these results by a statistical discrimination faced by young people of North African origin. While the educational degree increases the chances of access to job interviews, the North African origin remains however disadvantageous.

Suggested Citation

  • ENE Emilia, 2012. "Hiring discrimination of young people in the Paris area :," EcoMod2012 4423, EcoMod.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekd:002672:4423
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Riach, Peter A & Rich, Judith, 1991. "Testing for Racial Discrimination in the Labour Market," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 239-256, September.
    2. Pascale Petit & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Yannick l’Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Discriminations à l’embauche des jeunes franciliens et intersectionalité du sexe et de l’origine: Les Résultats d’un testing," Documents de recherche 11-01, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    3. Jean-Louis Dayan & Annick Echardour & Michel Glaude, 1996. "Le parcours professionnel des immigrés en France : une analyse longitudinale," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 299(1), pages 107-128.
    4. Kenney, Genevieve M & Wissoker, Douglas A, 1994. "An Analysis of the Correlates of Discrimination Facing Young Hispanic Job-Seekers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 674-683, June.
    5. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
    6. Romain Aeberhardt & Denis Fougère & Julien Pouget & Roland Rathelot, 2010. "L’emploi et les salaires des enfants d’immigrés," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 433(1), pages 31-46.
    7. Pascale Petit, 2003. "Comment évaluer la discrimination à l'embauche ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(3), pages 55-87.
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