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Les discriminations dans l’accès au logement à Paris : Une expérience contrôlée

Listed author(s):
  • Mathieu Bunel
  • Yannick L'Horty
  • Loïc du Parquet
  • Pascale Petit

Nous mesurons les discriminations liées à l’origine dans l’accès au logement du parc locatif privé parisien à l’aide d’un protocole expérimental qui nous permet de façon très simple d’identifier les causes des discriminations (préférences des loueurs ou imperfection de l’information). Entre début avril et fin mai 2016, nous avons envoyé quatre messages sollicitant la visite d’un logement en réponse à 504 annonces immobilières, ce qui, au total, correspond à l’envoi de 2016 messages. Deux de nos individus fictifs signalent par leur patronyme une origine française, les deux autres suggèrent une origine maghrébine. Au sein de chaque paire de candidats de même origine, un individu envoie un signal de stabilité financière et professionnelle en indiquant explicitement qu’il est fonctionnaire. L’autre individu, en revanche, ne fournit aucune information sur sa situation. L’étude consiste à exploiter statistiquement les réponses à ces messages. Nous montrons que les discriminations à l’encontre des individus d’origine maghrébine sont très fortes dans l’accès au logement parisien et qu’elles ne sont pas liées à la fragilité financière supposée des individus. Relativement à l’individu d’origine française de référence, l’individu d’origine maghrébine perd un tiers de chances de recevoir une issue favorable à sa demande de visite s’il ne donne aucune information sur sa situation et encore un cinquième s’il précise qu’il est fonctionnaire, alors qu’un individu d’origine française voit presque ses chances tripler lorsqu’il indique être fonctionnaire.

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File URL: http://www.tepp-repec.eu/RePEc/files/tepprr/TEPP-rr-17-01-mb-yl-ldp-pp.pdf
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Paper provided by TEPP in its series TEPP Research Report with number 2017-01.

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Date of creation: 2017
Handle: RePEc:tep:tepprr:rr17-01
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Université Paris-Est Marne La Vallée, 5 bd Descartes, 77454 Champs sur Marne

Web page: http://www.tepp.eu/

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