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Identifying barriers to Muslim integration in France

Author

Listed:
  • Claire L. Adida

    () (Department of Political Science, University of California San Diego - University of San Diego)

  • David D. Laitin

    () (Department of Political Science, Stanford University - Stanford University [Stanford])

  • Marie-Anne Valfort

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

Is there a Muslim disadvantage in economic integration for secondgeneration immigrants to Europe? Previous research has failed to isolate the effect that religion may have on an immigrant family's labor market opportunities because other factors, such as country of origin or race, confound the result. This paper uses a correspondence test in the French labor market to identify and measure this religious effect. The results confirm that in the French labor market, antiMuslim discrimination exists: a Muslim candidate is 2.5 times less likely to receive a job interview callback than is his or her Christian counterpart. A high-n survey reveals, consistent with expectations from the correspondence test, that second-generation Muslim households in France have lower income compared with matched Christian households. The paper thereby contributes to both substantive debates on the Muslim experience in Europe and methodological debates on how to measure discrimination. Following the National Academy of Sciences' 2001 recommendations on combining a variety of methodologies and applying them to real-world situations, this research identifies, measures, and infers consequences of discrimination based on religious affiliation, controlling for potentially confounding factors, such as race and country of origin.

Suggested Citation

  • Claire L. Adida & David D. Laitin & Marie-Anne Valfort, 2010. "Identifying barriers to Muslim integration in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00618060, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00618060
    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1015550107
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00618060
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    Keywords

    Muslim immigrants; Integration; France;

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